Long-term sod-based rotation promotes beneficial root microbiomes and increases crop productivity

Project Type: Graduate Student
Funds awarded in 2020: $16,144.00
Projected End Date: 08/31/2022
Grant Recipient: University of Florida
Region: Southern
State: Florida
Graduate Student:
Major Professor:
Dr. Hui-Ling Liao
University of Florida
Description:
Cotton root microbiomes were investigated in two long-term rotation systems established in 2000, a bahiagrass (Paspalum notatum Flugge)-bahiagrass-peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.)-cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) rotation (sod-based rotation, SBR) and a peanut-cotton-cotton rotation (conventional rotation, ConR), from 2017 to 2019. Our results demonstrate that bacterial communities were primarily structured by interannual variability, while fungal alpha and beta diversity were sig- nificantly affected by both rotation and interannual variability, with greater fungal diversity and distinct fungal communities in SBR compared to ConR across three sampling years. Cotton roots in SBR also harbored more complex and stable micro- bial networks. These increased resistance to environmental changes driven by interannual variability, such as temperature and precipitation. Beneficial microbial communities (e.g., Opitutaceae, Pseudonocardiaceae, Rhizobiaceae, Bacillaceae, Comamonadaceae, Serendipitaceae, and Glomeraceae) that may promote plant growth, improve tolerance to abiotic stress, and enhance pathogen defense were associated with cotton roots in SBR, along with fewer pathogenic microbes. These beneficial microbial communities (core microbiomes) together with complex and stable microbial networks were signifi- cantly and positively correlated with cotton yield across three sampling years, suggesting that long-term conversion to SBR shaped root microbiomes in a way that increased cotton productivity. This study improves our understanding of the microbial mechanisms that underlie the agronomic and economic benefits observed when integrating perennial grasses to diversify the conventional peanut-cotton rotation.
Type:
Peer-reviewed Journal Article
File:
Authors:
Kaile Zhang, University of Florida
Gabriel Maltais-Landry, University of Florida
Sheeja George, University of Florida
Zane Grabau, University of Florida
Ian Small, University of Florida
David Wright, University of Florida
Hui-Ling Liao, University of Florida
Target audiences:
Educators; Researchers
Ordering info:
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00374-022-01626-z
Publication/product ID: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00374-022-01626-z
Cost: $0.00
Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the U.S. Department of Agriculture or SARE.