Training Agricultural Professionals on Innovative Online Tools for Conservation Planning and Implementation

Final report for ENC19-182

Project Type: Professional Development Program
Funds awarded in 2019: $68,058.00
Projected End Date: 09/30/2021
Grant Recipient: Michigan State University
Region: North Central
State: Michigan
Project Coordinator:
Erica Rogers
Michigan State University Extension
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Project Information

Abstract:

This project will provide professional development opportunities for agricultural professionals to learn about and use three online conservation tools that facilitate the stewardship of Michigan’s land and water resources. The Sensitive Areas Identification System, Michigan EnviroImpact, and the Computer-Assisted Nutrient Management Planning Program are available across Michigan and support conservation planning and implementation. Our project is designed for professionals that work with Michigan producers to support a thriving and sustainable agriculture sector, including conservation district technicians, NRCS technicians, Michigan State University Extension educators, and watershed technicians. Project activities include: hosting conference sessions at events like the Michigan Association of Conservation Districts Fall Conference or the Michigan Water Environment Association Watershed Summit; hosting four interactive training workshops across Michigan; offering a three-part webinar training series; and developing updated outreach materials including short tutorial videos. In addition, we will promote these free online tools at popular events such as AgroExpo. By providing training to 100 agricultural professionals and introducing the tools to an additional 250 professionals and 340 farmers in Michigan, we will not only increase awareness of the tools, but aim in the longer-term for these to become commonplace resources that are routinely used in conservation offices to help farmers plan and implement sustainable farming practices. In turn, this project will make certain conservation activities easier and more efficient, while improving soil health and water quality. We will also advance understanding of how professionals and farmers perceive agricultural support tools and what barriers exist to adoption through a program evaluation.

Project Objectives:

Through this project, we anticipate introducing the online tools to 250 professionals and 340 farmers based in Michigan and reach at least 80 professionals in the greater North Central Region. We will also provide in-depth training to 100 professionals.


Products

Our professional development program will result in the development of several training and outreach materials. These include creating a common webpage that describes and links to each online conservation tool, a common factsheet that provides information on all three tools, tabletop displays for SAIS and CANMaPP that can be utilized at exhibits and events, and two short-tutorial videos for SAIS and CANMaPP that help new users get started with these tools. In addition, we will develop a common slidedeck that will be tailored as appropriate for presentations and trainings. The common webpage is critical to making the various outreach and promotional products easily accessible to professionals, even after the project ends. We will track and report page visits, file downloads and video views on the project webpage.

We will also write one MSUE article on the project overall and three articles for each tool highlighted in this project. We anticipate reaching 300 members of the MSUE listserv through these articles (this is approximately 10% of the membership list). Finally, we will write a final report on the results on the project, including evaluation data. The report and links to the MSUE articles will be posted the project’s webpage.


Events

We will hold five special conference sessions throughout the project. Our intended venues with agricultural and conservation professionals include the MACD Summer and Fall Conference, the MSUE Fall Conference and the MWEA Watershed Summit. We estimate that we will introduce the three conservation tools to approximately 160 professionals at these events, with roughly 40 attendees at each session. More specifically, we intend to reach 80 professionals with NRCS, MAEAP, or conservation district affiliations at the MACD events, 40 Extension educators at the MSUE Fall Conference and 40 professionals affiliated with watershed groups, land conservancies and environmental nonprofits at the MWEA Summit. We will also hold a session at the Michigan Farm Bureau Annual Meeting, and we anticipate reaching 40 farmers at this event.

We will also hold four interactive, half-day training workshops around the state with conservation professionals, focusing on NRCS, MAEAP and conservation district employees. We anticipate 25 participants per training, resulting in 100 professionals trained on the three conservation tools.

We will offer a three-part webinar series that highlights each tool. The three recorded webinars will be posted on the common webpage for the tools. We anticipate introducing the tools to 90 total agricultural and conservation professionals, with 30 participants per webinar. We will offer an additional webinar to the NCRWN, reaching at least 80 professionals that work in other North Central Region states.

We will exhibit and present at the 2020 and 2021 AgroExpo event. Over this two-day event, we expect to introduce the tools to 150 farmers, totaling 300 farmers for the project overall. 

Cooperators

Click linked name(s) to expand
  • Glen Arnold (Educator)
  • Eric Anderson (Educator)
  • Dr. Paola Bacigalupo Sanguesa (Educator)
  • Katie Droscha

Education

Educational approach:
Snapshot showing that the MI EnviroImpact Tool, CANMaPP, and the Sensitive Areas Identification System tool are now all located in one location on the same webpage for ease of accessibility.

Before the COVID-19 pandemic became an issue in the U.S., we were able to host six presentations at six different events that highlighted the use to some extent of the Online Tools we are promoting for conservation planning and implementation. These events included Ag Action Day (1/31/2020), the Michigan State University Extension (MSUE) Dairy Team Winter meetings (2/25/2020, 2/26/2020, 2/27/2020, and 3/4/2020), and the 2020 Conservation Tillage Conference (3/3/2020). Additionally, we have been able to compose a MSUE News Article (11/6/2019).

Up and coming we have a presentation for one of our online tools 7/23/2020 as well as the potential for being able to present at our MSUE Fall Conference 2020 and have submitted an abstract that we are currently waiting for approval. We are also in conversations with the Michigan Association of Conservation Districts (MACD) about presenting our online tools presentation at the MACD Winter Conference that will be held in December 2020.

Several of our proposed events (AgroExpo, MWEA, and others) have been cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic, so we are looking for other ways to communicate about these online tools in lieu of these cancellations.

Some educational materials did exist that we were not entirely aware of, therefore, as part of our deliverables (instead of developing something entirely new) we will do a better job of promoting said resources (for instance, the SAIS factsheet).

As far as learning outcomes and other outcomes, current presentations were in concert with other programming events, and therefore, we did not have an attached survey. However, for the webinar we will be creating as well as the specific training through educational presentations we will do, we will have an attached survey that will allow us to examine those outcome results.

Additionally, for participants at the bottom of this page, we will garner 6-12 individuals to input once we do specific programming and trainings as these will be focused on the online tools only as opposed to in conjunction with other presentations.

As of 9/29/2021, we were able to present for the Michigan Milk Producers Association Board in July, 2020, the MSUE Fall Extension Conference 2020, as well as the MACD Winter Conference 2020.

Education & Outreach Initiatives

Creation of of Educational Materials
Objective:

To create educational materials that help individuals better understand the importance of nutrient management by utilizing online tools that are readily available.

Description:

sais-flyer-10-21-16 - This flyer, we found, was already created within the Michigan State University Institute of Water Research. We had slight modifications made and utilize this flyer as our factsheet.

As of July 2020, factsheets, tutorial videos, table top displays, and a webinar exist for the Michigan EnviroImpact tool. The goal is to create these same materials for CANMaPP and SAIS. A storyboard has been created for SAIS to create two short (less than five minutes) YouTube tutorial videos. Additionally, a flyer/factsheet already existed for SAIS and was slightly modified for this project. We are in the process of creating the same materials for the CANMaPP tool as well as a factsheet that will highlight all three tools simultaneously.

As of September 2021, a factsheet now exists for CANMaPP.

https://www.egr.msu.edu/iwr/sites/default/files/content/CANMaPP_FactSheet_AA%20(1).pdf 

CANMaPP table-top pull-up banner.

Additionally, a tabletop banner has been completed for both CANMaPP and SAIS. SAISBanner_3.2

Furthermore, a combined, three-tool factsheet was created to help get individuals familiar with all three tools and how all three tools can work in concert for conservation planning.

https://projects.sare.org/wp-content/uploads/SARE-Free-Online-Cons-Tools-poster-9.24.2021.pdf

In total, three news articles were created highlighting the conservation planning tools:

https://www.canr.msu.edu/news/training-for-innovative-online-tools-for-co nservation-planning

https://www.canr.msu.edu/news/a-new-online-record-keeping-tool-is-available-for-conservation-planning

https://www.canr.msu.edu/news/online-conservation-planning-tool-outlines-sensitive-areas-in-fields

Two tutorials for the SAIS have been created below:

A walk-through (tutorial) for the CANMaPP system was previously created at the link below:

https://iwr.msu.edu/canmapp/Webinar 

Outcomes and impacts:

Our goal is that those individuals that utilize the educational materials will have a better understanding of these online tools to help with conservation planning and nutrient management decision making.

Implementation and Training
Objective:

To implement trainings that help individuals better understand the importance of conservation planning and nutrient management by utilizing online tools that are readily available.

Description:

Erica Rogers speaking about the CANMaPP tool at the 2020 Conservation Tillage Conference in Ada, Ohio.
Erica Rogers and Sarah Fronczak speaking about nutrient management in terms of online conservation tools at the 2020 Conservation Tillage Conference in Ada, Ohio.

https://youtu.be/RxGu6nCaIac?list=PLDTYFgyxln7rODng-vuniB0AuSGvhOw75

The above link is to the YouTube video that was created regarding the presentation at the 2020 Conservation Tillage Conference in Ada, Ohio.

As of July 2020, we are in the process of creating a webinar training as well as a slide deck presentation that we will be using for our in-person or live zoom training for specific organizations about the three tools. How some of the information is implemented will depend on the COVID-19 pandemic.

As of September 2021, a three-part webinar series was completed in March of 2021. The series includes a training on the CANMaPP tool, a training on the MI EnviroImpact tool combined with the SAIS, and a Question and Answer session for all three tools.

Part 1: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DeXP-g6ays0  

Part 2: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=17w1b0seorU

Part 3: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vCwfDnAs0Qg

Outcomes and impacts:

Our goal is that those individuals that attend these trainings will be able to successfully utilize these online tools and make good, sound nutrient management practices with these tools as support.

Educational & Outreach Activities

4 Curricula, factsheets or educational tools
3 Journal articles
1 Online trainings
9 Webinars / talks / presentations

Participation Summary:

40 Extension
17 NRCS
72 Agency
80 Ag service providers (other or unspecified)
102 Farmers/ranchers
174 Others

Learning Outcomes

16 Participants gained or increased knowledge, skills and/or attitudes about sustainable agriculture topics, practices, strategies, approaches
16 Ag professionals intend to use knowledge, attitudes, skills and/or awareness learned

Project Outcomes

1 New working collaboration
Project outcomes:

Based on the specific survey results noted below from just two programs, many participants were made more aware of the online conservation planning tools that exist that they themselves can utilize or that they can share with their farmers. Additionally, participants felt that these tools could help with improving nutrient management on farms. It was noted that generational gaps may make these tools difficult for some users, but that these tools have a lot of potential to help in appropriate conservation planning in a way that the farmers can see for themselves.

102 Farmers reached through participant's programs
Additional Outcomes:

Results of Survey from NRCS Training: SAIS

Please indicate the points at which you have used/would use SAIS.

  • For nutrient/manure application: 1
  • Prior to meeting with a producer for the first time: 4
  • After consultation with a producer: 3
  • In conservation planning: 6

Please indicate your level of agreement with the following statement:
Aspects of my job would be easier using this tool

  • Agree: 10
  • Neutral: 4

After receiving educational information from today’s event, how likely are you to re-evaluate or plan to make a change in regards to your conservation recommendations of conservation practices?

  • Very Likely: 3
  • Not Very Likely: 4
  • Somewhat Likely: 7

Please indicate the extent to which you have used SAIS.

  • I've used it multiple times: 3
  • I've used it once or twice: 9
  • I've never heard of it before this presentation: 2

Please indicate your level of agreement with the following statement:
Farms I know would benefit from using this tool

  • Agree: 12
  • Neutral: 2

Please indicate your level of agreement with the following statement:
I will recommend this tool to farms

  • Agree: 11
  • Neutral: 3

As a result of receiving educational information from today’s event, are you confident in making an informed decision regarding conservation practices for your producers?

  • Strongly Agree: 3
  • Agree: 6
  • Neither Agree or Disagree: 5

After receiving educational information from today’s event, how likely are you to re-evaluate or plan to make a change in regards to your recommendations of conservation practices?

  • Extremely aware: 1
  • More aware: 12
  • Not very aware: 1

Results of Survey from NRCS Training: MI EnviroImpact Tool

Please indicate your level of agreement with the following statement:
Aspects of my job would be easier using this tool

  • Agree: 8
  • Neutral: 8

Please indicate your level of agreement with the following statement:
Farms I know would benefit from using this tool

  • Agree: 15
  • Neutral: 1

Please indicate your level of agreement with the following statement:
I will recommend this tool to farms

  • Agree: 13
  • Neutral: 3

Please indicate the extent to which you have used the Michigan EnviroImpact tool.

  • I've used it once or twice: 1
  • I've heard of it before, but I haven't used it: 8
  • I've never heard of it before this presentation: 7

Please indicate the points at which you have used/would use the Michigan EnviroImpact tool.

  • For nutrient/manure application planning: 12
  • In conservation planning: 14
  • Prior to meeting with a producer for the first time: 6
  • During consultation with a producer: 4
  • After consultation with a producer: 4

Results of Survey from NRCS Training: CANMaPP

Please indicate your level of agreement with the following statement:
Aspects of my job would be easier using this tool

  • Agree: 5
  • Neutral: 1
  • N/A: 1

Please indicate your level of agreement with the following statement:
Farms I know would benefit from using this tool

  • Agree: 4
  • Neutral: 2
  • N/A: 1

Please indicate your level of agreement with the following statement:
I will recommend this tool to farms

  • Agree: 4
  • Neutral: 2
  • Disagree: 1

Please indicate the extent to which you have used CANMaPP.

  • I've used it once or twice: 1
  • I've heard of it before, but I haven't used it: 1
  • I've never heard of it before this presentation: 5

Please indicate the points at which you have used/would use CANMaPP.

  • For nutrient/manure application: 3
  • In conservation planning: 6
  • During consultation with a producer: 1
  • After consultation with a producer: 2

Michigan State University Fall Extension Conference 2020 Survey

Please indicate your level of agreement regarding the Michigan EnviroImpact Tool:

  • Aspects of my job would be easier using this tool:
    • Agree: 0
    • Neutral: 2
    • Disagree: 0
  • Other farms I know would benefit from using this tool:
    • Agree: 2
    • Neutral: 0
    • Disagree: 0
  • I will recommend this tool to other farms:
    • Agree: 1
    • Neutral: 1
    • Disagree: 0

Please indicate your level of agreement regarding SAIS:

  • Aspects of my job would be easier using this tool:
    • Agree: 2
    • Neutral: 0
    • Disagree: 0
  • Other farms I know would benefit from using this tool:
    • Agree: 2
    • Neutral: 0
    • Disagree: 0
  • I will recommend this tool to other farms:
    • Agree: 2
    • Neutral: 0
    • Disagree: 0

Please indicate your level of agreement regarding CANMaPP:

  • Aspects of my job would be easier using this tool:
    • Agree: 0
    • Neutral: 2
    • Disagree: 0
  • Other farms I know would benefit from using this tool:
    • Agree: 1
    • Neutral: 1
    • Disagree: 0
  • I will recommend this tool to other farms:
    • Agree: 0
    • Neutral: 2
    • Disagree: 0

What benefits, if any, do you see in utilizing these types of tools for on-farm conservation practices?

  1. I think it might help landowners of rented land visualize conservation practices that the farmers renting the land are trying to implement, and why. Often we explain to landowners and they really don't understand until they are able to see the changes. This might help speed that process of understanding and make it easier/more likely that the farmer implements conservation. The last thing a farmer wants is to have to argue with a landowner about his practices- the farmer just won't implement conservation at that point... I'd also love to see a similar tools that incorporate various grazing strategies (both from a farmer standpoint and as an educational tool for non-farming landowners.)
  2. Great with planning for farmers

What barriers, if any, do you see in utilizing these types of tools for on-farm conservation practices?

  1. Older or non-tech savvy farmers. Farmers who keep poor paper records. We work closely with NRCS and am on the conservation district board... and I've never seen any of these tools brought up by them. Just soil web map. So, perhaps outreach to NRCS/farmers/conservation districts might be needed?
  2. Time for farmers to plan manure applications are generally spring and fall during the most busy times of the year. However, planning is more important not with environmental impact monitoring and the need for farms applying manure to do it correctly.

After receiving educational information from today's event, what is your awareness of the tools that exist to help in conservation planning?

  • Extremely Aware: 1
  • More Aware: 1
  • Not Very Aware: 0
  • Really Do Not Care: 0
Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the U.S. Department of Agriculture or SARE.