Building Farm Financial Management Skills through Effective Distance Education

Progress report for ENE20-166

Project Type: Professional Development Program
Funds awarded in 2020: $163,612.00
Projected End Date: 11/30/2023
Grant Recipient: UNH Cooperative Extension
Region: Northeast
State: New Hampshire
Project Leader:
Seth Wilner
UNH Cooperative Extension
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Project Information

Performance Target:

Twenty-five agricultural service providers work intensively with two farmers each and deliver at least one workshop by project’s end, reaching 300 farmers throughout the program.  Service providers enhance their skills to assist farmers in keeping records, developing financial statements, evaluating farm financial health, assessing market channel profitability, and calculating cost of production and break-even points. One hundred farmers enhance their ability to keep business records, prepare accurate financial statements and assess their farm’s financial health.

Introduction:

Problem and Justification:

Farmers across all commodities are turning to agricultural professionals for assistance in financial management.  Yet there is limited capacity in the Northeast SARE region as a result of retirements. 

Over 50 organizations collaborated in 2017 to develop a report entitled, “The Blueprint” that identified a need for farm financial technical assistance.  As “The Blueprint” (2017) details, skilled managers are essential to meeting the challenges facing today’s agricultural businesses.

A survey sent out in the Northeast SARE region had 73 respondents say there is a need in their area for agricultural service providers to assist farmers in financial management, only 2 said there was no need. In this same survey, 65 respondents expressed a desire to participate in this program, with another 15 saying “maybe.”

Data show that farmers benefit from direct technical assistance. The Vermont Farm Viability Program and the Carrot Project found that with two years of business advising, farms increased profits between 50-62% and farmers had “significant improvements in entrepreneurial skills.”

Solution and Approach:

This project applies effective adult education methods to a distance-based learning model, supporting participants as they learn complex skills. 

Our project will equip 25 agricultural service providers with farm financial management skills in basic accounting, financial record keeping, and financial statement preparation, with the objectives of assessing farm financial health and recommending changes to improve farm profitability.

These skills sets will enable the agricultural service providers to equip farmers with entrepreneurial skills to increase profits and sustain businesses operations.

Milestones:

From January through March each year, 25 agricultural service providers will engage in five 90- minute, web-based sessions for a total of 15 sessions over three years.  Supported by a coach, participants will apply their learning on at least two farms and also teach at least one workshop in the three years.

Prior to each session, participants will utilize an on-line learning platform with educational videos, readings, and podcasts to prepare. Participants will complete assignments housed on this platform to practice the skills they learned after each session. 

Peer-to-peer learning allows participants an opportunity to problem solve and share successful approaches and tools with each other. These occur among five member cohorts who “meet” on-line twice yearly.

Cooperators

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Educational Approach

Educational approach:

Our educational model is based on the following best practices in adult education:

  • Adults are motivated by a sense of inclusion in a learning community. (Wlodkowski, 2008)
  • There is almost no long-term retention without practice. (Ericsson & Pool, 2016)
  • Meaningful feedback is essential to learning. (Wiggins, 2012)
  • Adults make meaning by applying knowledge in authentic real-life situations. (Stein, 2010)
  • Adults need safe learning environments. (Wlodkowski, 2008; Bell and McAllister, 2012)
  • Adults want choice in their learning. (Ryan & Deci, 2000; Bell and McAllister, 2012)

The following outlines our educational approach:

Participants prepare for each learning session with materials (reading, videos, and podcasts), hosted on the on-line learning platform. 

Participants engage in five 90-minute web-based sessions each year.  These sessions include PowerPoints, examples, and interactive discussions.  The sessions are held two to three weeks apart from January through March.

Following the sessions, participants practice and apply their learning with authentic farm-based assignments.

Web-based office hours are held the week following each session to process assignments and address questions.

Participants are paired with a coach, whom they access through phone or video streaming, to assist in their learning and in their work with farmers, building their confidence and knowledge. 

When ready, participants engage at least two farms per year to practice their skills and transfer knowledge to farmers. We estimate 3-4 visits per farm per year.

Learning communities of five participants meet twice yearly using video conferencing.  These sessions, facilitated by the program coordinator, focus on peer-to-peer learning.  Participants will share experiences, tools, resources, and strategies for farmer engagement.

2022 Report Update: Due to feedback from participants (noted in the learning outcomes section of this report) we chose to update our educational approach around the learning communities (also referred to as Cohorts in this report) to meet more frequently than originally stated above.  So now, 4 groups of 5-9 participants meet monthly or as needed by the cohort participants.  Each cohort chooses what will benefit them the most including inviting speakers and other participants into the meet up. From this Educational Approach change, we have added a new milestone. (please see milestone 11.)

Participants will work with their coaches to teach one workshop to a group of farmers before project’s end, further solidifying their learning.

There will be two educational tracks: beginner and intermediate.  The beginner track covers the same topics but at a more basic level.  Participants select their own track.

2022 Report Update: Due to feedback from participants, we have shifted the educational approach slightly from beginner and intermediate division of classes, to all levels can attend the sessions which are identical to each other.  This has allowed for increased attendance of classes because of more time option of the classes. Having a blend of levels in each class has increased diversity of questions and comments during the question and answer period that follows the class presentation.  The most advanced students are offered an Advanced Topics learning opportunity in addition to the five 90-minute web-based sessions each year for Year 2 & 3. (See milestone 7)

The web-based learning will utilize a modified version of Julia Shanks’ “Farmer’s Edge” curriculum, a course demonstrated to increase knowledge. 

The draft uploaded curriculum will build skills in following areas:

Year 1

  • Basic accounting
  • Developing an electronic managerial record keeping system

Year 2

  • Developing and reading income statements
  • Making accrual adjustments to cash-based accounting systems
  • Developing and reading balance sheets
  • Developing and using cash flow projections

Year 3

  • Assessing farm financial health - utilizing common financial ratios to assess profitability, solvency, debt repayment capacity and other metrics.
  • Cost of Production
  • Breakeven Analysis
  • Market Channel Analysis

Milestones

Milestone #1 (click to expand/collapse)
What beneficiaries do and learn:

Agricultural service providers throughout the northeast SARE region learn about this program’s goals, expectations and learning model through electronic and social media outreach.

Proposed number of agriculture service provider beneficiaries who will participate:
150
Actual number of agriculture service provider beneficiaries who participated:
200
Proposed Completion Date:
August 15, 2020
Status:
Completed
Date Completed:
August 1, 2021
Accomplishments:

Building Farm Financial Management Skills brochure

We utilized lists serves of organizations, spoke with and called agricultural service providers, emailed brochures, and contacted Northeast SARE State Coordinators to spread the word.

Milestone #2 (click to expand/collapse)
What beneficiaries do and learn:

Interested participants submit an electronic application that includes: an agreement to complete pre- and post- session assignments, attend web-based sessions, work with at least two farms, teach a workshop by project’s end, complete participant evaluations, and collect outcome data of the farmers with whom they work. Participants also select their desired track: beginner or intermediate level.

Proposed number of agriculture service provider beneficiaries who will participate:
50
Actual number of agriculture service provider beneficiaries who participated:
46
Proposed Completion Date:
September 30, 2020
Status:
Completed
Date Completed:
December 15, 2021
Accomplishments:

A link embedded in the brochure (see Milestone 1) allowed me to aggregate all the applicant information in Qualtrics.  This then allowed me to select participants based on whether they could commit to the program requirements, and I then grouped applicants based on skill level.  It worked super slick!

Milestone #3 (click to expand/collapse)
What beneficiaries do and learn:

After applications are reviewed by a project advisory group in the fall of 2020, 25 selected participants receive an invitation to the project. The invitation contains the contact information for their assigned coach and their learning community members (5 members per cohort), and a schedule and link for an initial video conference (Zoom) covering program expectations and a tutorial of how to use the on-line learning platform.

Proposed number of agriculture service provider beneficiaries who will participate:
25
Actual number of agriculture service provider beneficiaries who participated:
36
Proposed Completion Date:
November 30, 2020
Status:
Completed
Date Completed:
January 7, 2021
Accomplishments:

Given 46 viable candidates, I decided to seek out additional funds to accommodate more participants.  I raised an additional $9,300 and accepted 36 participants. This was an added bonus, but took a bunch more work. 

Milestone #4 (click to expand/collapse)
What beneficiaries do and learn:

Accepted participants engage in a video conference where they learn how to navigate the on-line learning platform that houses: educational resources, pre-session assignments, post session activities, recorded videos of the sessions, PDFs of presentations, financial management tools, and participant and farmer evaluation tools.

Proposed number of agriculture service provider beneficiaries who will participate:
25
Actual number of agriculture service provider beneficiaries who participated:
36
Proposed Completion Date:
December 20, 2020
Status:
Completed
Date Completed:
January 14, 2021
Accomplishments:

We took participants through the web-site today (1/2021)!  We decided to utilize Julia Shanks "The Farmers Edge" website and she made us a specific section where we house class materials, homework, video recordings of the sessions, educational videos, and other resources.

Milestone #5 (click to expand/collapse)
What beneficiaries do and learn:

Participants select two farmers with whom they will work to practice and teach the knowledge and skills they gain each year. It is anticipated that participants will engage the farmers between three to four times per year. Participants may work with the same farmers throughout the project, or choose different farmers. Participants choose when they engage with farmers based on their knowledge of the materials.

Proposed number of agriculture service provider beneficiaries who will participate:
25
Actual number of agriculture service provider beneficiaries who participated:
36
Proposed Completion Date:
January 31, 2021
Status:
In Progress
Accomplishments:

Originally participants asked a bunch of questions on who to select, how much of the farmer's time is required, what farmers can expect etc.   This was an unanticipated time sink! 

During year 2, participants are all on different journeys with this.  Below is information revealed during our cohort meet ups (our peer to peer learning group time)

Our Pennsylvania cohort of 5 participants are currently (Jan, 2022) running their Farm $ense Program where they are planning to meet the farmers that they will work with as part of their program and beyond.  

In our additional 3 cohorts, many participants have shared that they are working with existing farmer clients, while a few have been unable to connect with farmers due to their change in jobs (and so have found easily accessible small business to work with instead of a farmer. eg. Both within their family- a child care center, a baker.). 

Some participants have expressed feeling too nervous to work with Quick Books with farmers prior to feeling like experts with the program, however the learning content of Year 2 has made their work with farmers easier as it is less QB focused, and has content that helps them get farmers on board with the importance of accounting and financial planning!

 

Milestone #6 (click to expand/collapse)
What beneficiaries do and learn:

Participants receive reminder emails two weeks before each session that provides pre-session assignments including readings, videos, and/or podcasts. All materials will be housed on the learning platform. Participants complete pre-session assignments, building their knowledge and preparing them for the content of the web-based sessions.

Proposed number of agriculture service provider beneficiaries who will participate:
25
Actual number of agriculture service provider beneficiaries who participated:
32
Proposed Completion Date:
March 31, 2023
Status:
In Progress
Accomplishments:

This has been very successful for Year 1 & 2.  After Year 1 we polled our participants and asked them a number of things including if they would like more homework for more accountability in their learning.  Of the 13 participants who responded to the poll, 2 said they would appreciate more homework, 2 said no thank you, and 2 said they could go either way and would do it if it was given.   The others did not respond to this specific question. However, compared to Year 1, we did include more homework assignments, and participants in each cohort group has expressed the usefulness of this for their learning.  Some cohorts have come up with the idea of using the cohort meeting time to review homework for their peer to peer learning. We have yet to do this.

Milestone #7 (click to expand/collapse)
What beneficiaries do and learn:

Participants engage in five interactive, 90-minute on-line sessions per year, from January through March, for a total of 15 web-based sessions throughout the project. The sessions cover: year 1 - basic accounting, developing an electronic record keeping system, year 2- developing and reading income statements, making accrual adjustments, developing and reading balance sheets, developing cash flow projections, and year 3 - assessing farm financial health, cost of production, market channel analysis, and breakeven analysis.

Proposed number of agriculture service provider beneficiaries who will participate:
25
Actual number of agriculture service provider beneficiaries who participated:
36
Proposed Completion Date:
March 31, 2023
Status:
In Progress
Accomplishments:

We have completed Year 1 & 2 with great success! We've had 100% positive feedback on Julia Shanks as an instructor.  Each participant has stated in a cohort meet up, email or poll, that Julia is a fantastic teacher and they have learned so much.

Some quotes from participants after Year 1:

"This program has given me the confidence to reach out to farms and help them think thru their current recordkeeping system and brainstorm potential solutions and new/better/easier ways to keep track of financial data to make better business decisions."

"This program provided a connection with a team of folks working with farmers. It highlighted the unique issues faced by farmers when it comes to recording transactions. This program taught me new tricks in QuickBooks even after working with it for a very long time."

"While I have a decent understanding of Quickbooks and financial statements from my previous work history and managing my own business, teaching these things is a different skill set. Watching Julia teach us has helped me wrap my brain around teaching others."

"Helped me understand the structure and broad stokes principles of QuickBooks , and why its important for a farmer. I can more intelligently refer a farmer to the QuickBooks resources they need. However, I'm not at the point yet where I can offer any TA myself, really."

"I've become comfortable with discussing the initial set up of Quickbooks - especially working with CoAs, inputting sales receipts, and making set-up user-friendly for managerial decisionmaking"

"We do an FSA course and I am much more confident."

"There are many ways to use quickbooks and this course provided a great approach for beginners with lots of opportunities for getting questions answered. Loved the available online material as well.""This course has helped me immensely with my colleagues and clients. While I have not mastered QB, I have gained a better understanding of farm financials and am able to be helpful in that capacity."

 

We decided to add on some bonus learning for the advanced folks in the class for year 2 & 3.  We're calling it: Advanced Topics on Farm Financial Management

We have 7 participants about to take a deeper dive into farm financial management topics that build on the subjects covered by Julia Shanks as a discussion, co-learning experience. An additional  four sessions will be offered this February 2022, and next Feb 2023.  This series will be taught/facilitated by Mike Sciabarrasi.  Mike is one of the Northeast’s leading agricultural economists.  He worked for UNH Cooperative Extension for 35 years, retiring five years ago.

Milestone #8 (click to expand/collapse)
What beneficiaries do and learn:

Participants utilize Zoom video conferencing to meet with their coaches to discuss strategies for working with their farmers. Participants, supported by their coach, work with farmers from mid-January through mid-April each year. Participants teach farmers how to: year 1 - develop electronic managerial record keeping systems, year 2- develop and utilize financial statements, and year 3 - assess financial health, market channel profitability, and calculate key metrics, including costs of production and breakeven.

Proposed number of farmer beneficiaries who will participate:
50
Proposed number of agriculture service provider beneficiaries who will participate:
25
Proposed Completion Date:
April 15, 2023
Status:
In Progress
Accomplishments:

Participants are very aware of this special part of this program, to work with a coach.  They are encouraged to do so frequently!  In year 1 & 2 we've had some participants who met with their coach 1 or 2 times.  We have not had it become a highly utilized part of their learning (participants have up to 6 hrs of coach time in year 2 with flexibility if they needed more). 

In the reporting in our cohort groups, I heard 3 participants rave about how helpful the Office hours with Julia have been, and that they consider this their coaching time.  Others have mentioned that the cohort peer to peer learning time has helped them work through some of the sticky points with farmers and that has been sufficient for now.  Many folks have said that they are so happy the coaches are available and hope to use them when they are working with a farmer and feel in over their heads.

Participants have been overall more comfortable with working with their farmers with the content of Year 2, rather than leading in the electronic managerial record keeping systems. However, a portion of participants have expressed that really learning Quick Books for their own businesses has made them comfortable in guiding farmers through the process.  Some participants are working with existing clients and are adding on the knowledge they gain from this course to the financial management and guiding that they already do with farmers.  Most participants have expressed during cohort meet ups, that they feel very empowered by the Year 2 content and are finding their work with farmers to be highly benefited by what they've learned.

Milestone #9 (click to expand/collapse)
What beneficiaries do and learn:

Participants utilize Zoom video conferencing to continue meeting with their coaches for assistance with educational concepts, farmer engagement strategies, questions from farm visits, and other feedback. Participants receive six hours of coaching per year. Coaching can happen at any point throughout the year.

Proposed number of agriculture service provider beneficiaries who will participate:
25
Proposed Completion Date:
April 1, 2023
Status:
In Progress
Accomplishments:

The participants are not working with their coaches to the fullest.  Some are expressing full satisfaction in learning from the classes, with Julia's office hours, and the cohort peer to peer learning meet ups.  1-2 meetings per year is what I have heard most participants share that they have had with coaches.  However, this is something I will poll the group on before year 3, to get a factual number on, and interest level. As participants work more in depth with their farmers as we move into year 3, they have expressed gratitude for the availability of the coaches for assistance with educational concepts, farmer engagement strategies, questions from farm visits, and other feedback.

Milestone #10 (click to expand/collapse)
What beneficiaries do and learn:

Participants utilize Zoom to meet with their five member learning communities in February and in July. Participants share their experiences working with farmers, including: successes, obstacles, questions, tools, educational materials used, and strategies for engagement. These sessions are facilitated by the program coordinator or project director. Peer-to-peer learning is the focus of these sessions.

Proposed number of agriculture service provider beneficiaries who will participate:
25
Proposed Completion Date:
August 1, 2023
Status:
In Progress
Accomplishments:

The learning communities, referred to as cohorts in our program and in this report have been key in program directors receiving feedback.  Through conversation and listening, Sarah Williford coordinating and leading the cohort groups is able to get a read on how everyone is doing. 

The cohort groups are guided to come up with what will be most beneficial for them as a group including

  • frequency of meeting
  • communication tools
  • ideas for how to spend their meeting time

Groups consisting of 5-9 members each have chosen to meet monthly for year 2 into year 3. This is more than year 1 based on feedback of the cohort meet up usefulness, and budget.

Cohort Reports for 2021: 

Lavender Cohort

On Dec. 1st, 4 of us met on zoom and had a lovely check in.

  • We talked about farms we are working with or not working with yet. 

  • We recapped on coaches' usefulness. 

  • We talked about using zoom and email and google drive if needed instead of MS teams. Everyone on the call preferred this.

  • We came up with ideas for our group stemming from curiosity and interest in further learning.  Those ideas are:

  1. meet possibly monthly beginning in January.

  2. Bring a CPA on to answer questions for our January meeting.

  3. Bring in a loan officer to share with us what they look for in reviewing documents for loans.

Calendula Cohort

On Nov 30th 3 of us met for 1 hr and had a lovely check in.

It was only Alex, Stevie and myself who know one another from a previous program.  They are both so smart and had a lot of good ideas. We spent time discussing challenges they have with farmers they're working with and identifying root causes of the problems. Some ideas that came up for using the cohort meetups for are:

  1. post class accountability with homework review.

  2. skill sharing 

  3. Meet possibly monthly starting in Jan.

  4. This group prefers to use zoom, email and google drive instead of MS teams.

Chamomile Cohort

On Nov 23rd, 6 of us met on zoom for 1 hr  and had a lovely check in.

Things discussed were:

  • This group prefers to use a combination of email, zoom and google drive for communication over MS Teams.

  • Some folks feel challenged by QB online. We planned to have some practice time as a group the next meetup.

  • Other challenges- time itself, getting farmers engaged with accounting at the beginning.

  • We came up with ideas for our group from these challenges. Those ideas are:

  1. We use cohort meetup time to practice Quick Books online.

  2. Faith shares her for beginning farmers, financial management  paperwork via google drive and we have a meet up where she leads us through.

  3. We share 'marketing accounting to farmers' ideas via email and google drive, and discussion.

  4. Sarah leads the group in a time management exercise if desired.

On Dec 7th, 4 of the Chamomile group met again and Wendy helped answer questions people brought about online quick books. We played around with the practice online QB. I think Wendy deserves a peer leadership teammate award! She's so willing to help the others in the group. And last year helped a different cohort group.

PArsley Cohort

On Nov 30th, all 5 of the PA group met on zoom for 1 hr.

  • We discussed a variety of ways in which this group could be a support to one another in the overall learning in this program. And decided that we'd meet up again possibly in January. However this is also when they start your programs and begin actively working with farmers, so Sarah will be in touch.

  •   We also decided that email and the PA MS teams would be our choice for communication.

  • We talked about deliverables for this program and Sarah shared that she gathers information for reporting through these meet ups and surveys.

  • PA has broad ban issues and they are feeling stimied by the pandemic in connecting with farmers. They are looking forward to seeing how their January Farm $ense program goes.

  • We talked about the usefulness of coaches.

Milestone #11 (click to expand/collapse)
What beneficiaries do and learn:

Based on Learning Outcomes, we shifted our Educational approach slightly by adding this Milestone which is related to Milestone 10:
Program coordinator increases facilitation time for the group learning community. The learning community meet up time has been increased from 2 times/year (in Year 1) to what each of our 4 Cohorts finds beneficial and necessary. We've added this milestone due to the feedback from our participants. Cohorts are 3 groups of 9 participants and 1 group of 5. Program coordinator will be contacted regularly through email in between cohort monthly and/or bimonthly zoom calls. Calls will be guided by the coordinator and be a co-created learning space for peer to peer learning, inviting in speakers as desired, and sharing best practices and challenges of participants working with farmers.

Proposed number of agriculture service provider beneficiaries who will participate:
25
Proposed Completion Date:
March 31, 2023
Status:
In Progress
Accomplishments:

We are about to begin our New Year Cohort Calls. 

Chamomile Cohort is meeting Jan 28th 2022 to hear a presentation from one participant in this cohort who has developed on-ramp worksheets for accounting and financial planning for farmers.

Calendula Cohort is meeting Feb 3rd 2022 to go over one participants case study with a farmer and help trouble shoot any challenges the participant is facing.

Lavender Cohort is meeting Feb 4th (with other participants not in the cohort invited also) to hear from Wendy (one of our participants) who is a CPA. Folks will be brining there questions for this 1.5 hour question and answer call.

PArsely (our Pennsylvania) Cohort of 5 are currently running their Farm $ense program and will be connecting later in February.

Most Cohorts have decided they want to meet every month or every other month and have come up with an initial list of top interests in sharing their peer to peer learning time together.

Sarah Williford is coordinating and leading the cohorts.

Milestone #12 (click to expand/collapse)
What beneficiaries do and learn:

Program participants, supported by their coach, teach at least 10 farmers through a workshop type setting, on topics relevant to their learning that is beneficial to farmers. Topics can relate to accounting, managerial record keeping, development of any of the financial statements, financial health assessment, cost of production, breakeven analysis or other related topics.

Proposed number of farmer beneficiaries who will participate:
250
Proposed number of agriculture service provider beneficiaries who will participate:
25
Proposed Completion Date:
September 30, 2023
Status:
In Progress
Accomplishments:

This is still in the works as of Year 2 completion! Some farmers are doing this now, and others have already, and others will be. More to report come final report time.

Milestone #13 (click to expand/collapse)
What beneficiaries do and learn:

Program participants complete learning and outcome verification tools documenting increases in knowledge, skills, action outcomes, and impacts resulting from program participation for both themselves and the farmers with whom they work. Tools to be used will be available on the on-line learning platform. Participants complete these assessments after completing each post session homework assignment. Farmer evaluations are conducted yearly.

Proposed number of farmer beneficiaries who will participate:
300
Proposed number of agriculture service provider beneficiaries who will participate:
25
Proposed Completion Date:
September 30, 2023
Status:
In Progress

Milestone Activities and Participation Summary

Educational activities and events conducted by the project team:

2 Online trainings
2 Webinars / talks / presentations

Participants in the project’s educational activities:

11 Extension
1 NRCS
21 Nonprofit
3 Ag service providers (other or unspecified)
36 Number of agricultural educator or service providers reached through education and outreach activities

Learning Outcomes

Key areas in which the service providers (and farmers if indicated above) reported a change in knowledge, attitudes, skills and/or awareness::

I wanted to note here before answering this question in the final year ahead, that based on feedback through polls to participants, in class, and in cohort groups, we learned that participants were having nervousness around beginning to work directly with farmers with the learned content in Year 1. Many of the more beginner to Quick books participants stated they were not feeling confident enough in the content they were learning to turn right around and begin using the digital accounting methods to help farmers get started or help them clean up their current digital accounting methods. Year 2 proved to be easier content for participants to begin using with their farmers. Do to this feedback, we changed our educational approach a bit by increasing cohort peer to peer learning time, and having coaches who are working with farmers to invite participants to work along side them (see educational approach section) which led us to add another milestone (milestone 11).

Performance Target Outcomes

Performance Target Outcomes - Service Providers

Target #1

Target: number of service providers who will take action to educate/advise farmers:
25
Target: actions the service providers will take:

Agricultural service providers work intensively with two farmers each and deliver at least one workshop by project’s end, reaching 300 farmers throughout the program to assist farmers in keeping records, developing financial statements, evaluating farm financial health, assessing market channel profitability, and calculating cost of production and break-even points.

Target: number of farmers the service providers will educate/advise:
300

Performance Target Outcomes - Farmers

Target #1

Target: number of farmers who will make a change/adopt of practice:
100
Target: the change or adoption the farmers will make:
Farmers enhance their ability to keep business records, prepare accurate financial statements, and assess their farm's financial health.

Additional Project Outcomes

$9,300.00 Dollar amount of grants received that built upon this project
Additional Outcomes Narrative:

I raised an additional $9,300 dollars from the following organizations:

  • Agricultural Viability Alliance (co-sponsored this event as part of their Professional Development Work Group goals)
  • Penn State Energy Business and Community Vitality Team
  • NOFA-VT
  • Glynwood
  • Cornell Cooperative Extension Oneida County
  • Center for Agricultural Development and Entrepreneurship
  • UNH Cooperative Extension Livestock Program
  • Center for an Agriculture Economy
  • Young Farmers
  • Maine AgrAbiity
  • Community Involved in Sustaining Agriculture (CISA)
  • Intervale
  • Maine Farmland Trust

Participants

No participants
Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the U.S. Department of Agriculture or SARE.