Evaluating New, Extra-Hardy Grape Cultivars in Vermont

Final Report for FNE03-466

Project Type: Farmer
Funds awarded in 2003: $4,919.00
Projected End Date: 12/31/2006
Region: Northeast
State: Vermont
Project Leader:
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Project Information

Summary:

Note to readers, attached is the complete final report for FNE03-466.

I’m convinced that these grapes cultivars represent a new and viable crop for northern areas. These grapes can be successfully and reliably grown in the Champlain Valley and probably in areas with a slightly colder climate. Clearly, I have voted with a major commitment of my own resources.

But having said that, I must point out that there are obstacles to these grapes being widely and successfully grown. The long interval between planting the first sales, much less the break-even point, limits production to people with means and patience to wait these years. I have observed that, in many cases, this means people without farming experience who have ascend their own learning curve as well. And many new growers, understandably, choose to plant vines on the land they already own. Some of there are not prime grape growing sites.

The relatively high price that grapes command in these new areas is helpful to growers. But even at $1500/ton ($.75/pound), I think that it would require several acres, expert management, careful cost control and imaginative marking to make grape growing a profitable enterprise.

The value of wine at retail is roughly ten times the value of grapes that go into it. For this reason (and because of the perceived romance of being a winemaker) most new growers want to open a winery. This many well be the best decision, but it requires, of course, yet more investment and a whole new set of technical and management skills.

But in spite of these obstacles- which apply to any new grape/wine enterprise in any location- there certainty appear to be many successful vineyard/winery operations in many of the warmer parts of the country. With these new cultivars, there is no reason it can’t happen in the North.

Cooperators

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Research

Participation Summary
Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the U.S. Department of Agriculture or SARE.