Increasing Options for Cover Cropping in the Northeast

Final Report for FNE94-066

Project Type: Farmer
Funds awarded in 1994: $2,800.00
Projected End Date: 12/31/1995
Region: Northeast
State: New York
Project Leader:
Steve Porter
Porter Farms
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Project Information

Summary:

Note to readers, attached is the complete final report for FNE94-066.

Fall cover crops trial:
Fall brassica cover crops grew faster and accumulated more N than oats. A greater proportion of oats residues and biomass N remained on the soil surface in spring compared to that of fall brassicas. Cover crops depleted leachable soil N during the fall, but the fate of that accumulated N by spring not clear. Fall brassicas provided grater weed suppression than oats. August 25th- September 5th is the optimum planting window for these cover crops in Western NY.

Cabbage overseeding trial:
Observations during the fall indicated that while the clovers and vetch became well established, the rye and ryegrass plots never established well, probably because the ground was not freshly worked when they were planted, as was the case with the earlier planted cover crops. Also, compared to last year's trial, the frame leaves of the cabbage were much larger, filling in more of the field, and leaving narrow strips between rows where cover crops could find sunlight and grow. There were no differences in cabbage yields between treatments, measured in early December. Unfortunately, we were not able to follow this trial through spring regrowth of cover crops because sheep got into the field during the winter and spring and severely grazed the cover crops.

Cooperators

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  • Lydia Stivers

Research

Participation Summary
Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the U.S. Department of Agriculture or SARE.