Camino de Paz Orchard - Berry Research - Education Program

Final Report for FW09-041

Project Type: Farmer/Rancher
Funds awarded in 2009: $15,000.00
Projected End Date: 12/31/2010
Region: Western
State: New Mexico
Principal Investigator:
Greg Nussbaum
Camino de Paz Farm
Expand All

Project Information


Project Purpose:

Restore fruit production as a key part of the integrated biodynamic farm.

Major Work Completed:

Establishment of cold air corridors, wildlife areas for beneficial insects and animals, enhanced irrigation capability, intercropping and a soil development program.

Significant Results:

Measurable change in cold air flows, reduction in the size of the farm’s frost zones, major improvement in beneficial predators.


Vibrancy has been restored to the farm. Visitors and instructors comment on the power of mutually-supportive and integrated features boosting production.

Fostering sustainable agriculture:

The Camino de Paz Farm & School is an educational facility serving adolescents and adults. It consists of a middle school and a fully functional, diverse, biodynamic farm. A core part of the curriculum is for the students to run the farm and its programs - experiencing the profit and loss and day-to-day challenges of agriculture and community work. The students produce as much of their own food as possible. They take their surplus to the Santa Fe Farmers Market 52 weeks per year. Their businesses include: pastured poultry (meat and layer), goat dairy (milk, cheese, soap), market garden farming, fiber sheep and goats, and finished fiber arts. In addition, the arm serves the greater community as an environmental learning center by hosting six weeks of summer camps, biodynamic farming conferences and permaculture and sustainability workshops.

Project Objectives:

*Correct systemic imbalance that has impeded past efforts for increased production.

*Restore fruit production as a key component of the biodynamic farm organism.

*Install wildlife corridors and reintroduce beneficial insects and animals.

*Conserve soil and improve the aquifer.

*Promote good community farming practices.

*Increase added value production and farm viability.

*Enhance marketability and return on farm production.


Click linked name(s) to expand/collapse or show everyone's info
  • Gordon Tooley
  • Pat Torres


Materials and methods:

What we did:

We took our repeated failures seriously. We documented our failed trials, stepped back, analyzed what we knew of past success, looked for features that we could observe yet did not understand and sought outside advice.

How we did it:

We brought together all of our soil and water testing reports, planting records and management history in a comprehensive mapping project and laid them out on a detailed site plan. We introduced elevation lines and documented existing planting. We noted insect, predator and invasive plant movement through the site.

Research results and discussion:

We have restored our ‘frost free’ zones to their 1920s size, thereby allowing perennial fruit production to return from nil to as much as 30% of farm horticulture revenue. With added emphasis on beneficial insects and animals we have improved both our cash crop and pasture production. We have reduced erosion and improved wildlife habitat. Our gopher and squirrel capture rates have increased 400%.

Participation Summary

Research Outcomes

No research outcomes

Education and Outreach

Participation Summary:

Education and outreach methods and analyses:

1) Our students, their families and friends though out the region were our first tier of outreach.

2) The 6,000 customers per week that attend the Santa Fe Farmers Market and buy from our farm and students were our second tier of outreach.

3) The 3,000 annual visitors to the farm school were our third tier of outreach. Groups including: Numerous public and private schools, Traditional Native American Farming Association, 2nd-45th National Guard Farming Division, Permaculture Institute Farmer Training, NM Horse Powered Farming Association, Cottonwood Gulch Foundation.

4) The six weeks of intensive summer programming that we conduct with other non-profits from our region was our fourth tier of outreach.

5) Our students travel to, and conduct presentations at, four regional conferences each year as our fifth tier of outreach.

Education and Outreach Outcomes

Recommendations for education and outreach:

Potential Contributions

Producer Adoption and Reaction

As a training center with 3,000 annual visitors we introduce and reinforce these management concepts to all.

Visitors frequently comment on the sophistication of the biodynamic farm, its high degree of integration and mutually supporting facets.

Future Recommendations

Development of affordable trellising systems that aid in controlling fruit loss to birds and quantitative research yielding watering and misting guidelines for frost management are much needed.

Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the U.S. Department of Agriculture or SARE.