"Mitigating Production and Environmental Costs in Shrimp Farming with the Use of Bio-floc Production Technology"

Final Report for FW11-002

Project Type: Farmer/Rancher
Funds awarded in 2011: $15,000.00
Projected End Date: 12/31/2011
Region: Western
State: Northern Mariana Islands
Principal Investigator:
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Project Information


Production of marine shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei, is an ideal aquaculture enterprise in the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI) because of the high farm gate price of $8.00 a pound for fresh shrimp in the local market. At this price, farmers have a fighting chance of sustaining their operation. Recent changes, however, like the hike in the price of energy and imported feed as a result of the global rise in fuel cost, have already started to eat into farm profits. This may make tshrimp farming in the CNMI no longer feasible and sustainable. As a result, farmers will need to explore innovative and sustainable production methods that takes into account the high energy and feed cost and look for ways to minimize them to save the farms. Shrimp production, especially one that utilizes Recirculating Aquaculture System (RAS), which is the only viable production system given these small islands and their fragile environment, is inherently energy dependent and, thus, costly to operate. Producing shrimp using the Bio-floc system may make it possible for shrimp farmers in the CNMI to once again turn a profit in their farms and sustain their enterprise. Bio-floc shrimp production involves reducing the need for external mechanical filtration, which contributes to high-energy cost for RAS and instead utilizes biological agents like beneficial bacteria in the Lactobacillus family that not only breaks down organic matter in the tank but also serves as a source of nutrition for the shrimp and, thus, reduces feed cost.

Project Objectives:

  • Lower energy and feed cost for shrimp farmers in the CNMI
  • As a result of the cost savings, improve profits and therefore sustain the farms
  • Promote sustainable agriculture practices such as shrimp Bio-floc production technology
  • Educate other shrimp farmers locally and regionally


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  • Michael Ogo


Research results and discussion:

Whether at Texas A & M University or Technion University in Israel or shrimp growers in Thailand or Mexico, bio-floc will have place in shrimp aquaculture in the foreseeable future. This knowledge and technology transfer to the CNMI as a result of this Western SARE funded project means that growers here will have the opportunity to implement up to date technology that will help improve profitability and foster environmental stewardship.

Producer Adoption:

Saipan Aquaculture Co., Incorporated had for some time now been utilizing this technology at their shrimp farm in Saipan. Based on information and data collected from their operation, SAICO, INC., has found that with the use of probiotics and brown sugar as a carbon source and aeration to suspend the solids the benefits that they have discovered were multiple; that they were able to conserve water, in a water starved island like Saipan, as a result of minimal water exchange. They have also confirmed that their survival rate has improved tremendously and that their shrimp grow faster and bigger. They have reported that the overall health of the their stock has improved as result of the use of bio-floc technology and noticed decreased mortality during the grow out period.

Reaction from Producers:

The high production cost related to energy and feed makes any innovation that addresses these constraints welcome news to producers in the CNMI. As such the reaction to the bio-floc technology presented at the workshop was positive and has encouraged investors to explore shrimp farming as an investment opportunity.

Participation Summary

Research Outcomes

No research outcomes

Education and Outreach

Participation Summary:

Education and outreach methods and analyses:

The use of Bio-floc technology in shrimp production was shared with farmers in a workshop that was held on November 25, 2014 at the Northern Marianas College instructional site in the island of Rota. Information about bio-floc was also shared with visitors that came to tour the farm.                                      


Title: Shrimp Farming in Bio-floc Systems

Date: November 25, 2014

Location: NMC Instructional Site, Rota, CNMI, USA

Participants: 6

Education and Outreach Outcomes

Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the U.S. Department of Agriculture or SARE.