Different Poultry Housing Options for Chickens to Determine Fastest Growth Rate

Final report for FW19-344

Project Type: Farmer/Rancher
Funds awarded in 2019: $13,700.00
Projected End Date: 08/31/2020
Host Institution Award ID: G236-19-W7501
Grant Recipient: Double D Farm and Ranch L.L.C.
Region: Western
State: Hawaii
Principal Investigator:
Nicole Correa
Double D Farm and Ranch L.L.C.
Expand All

Project Information

Abstract:

Double D Farm and Ranch is a 10-acre ranch in Haleiwa, O‘ahu that offers sheep leasing, shearing, and classes for livestock handling and education.  Our mission is to contribute to the sustainability and food security in the state of Hawai‘i by providing meat animals along with providing agricultural education for anyone wanting to learn.  The next endeavor will be raising and processing broiler chickens (facility construction starting January 2019).  Broilers will be raised and processed on the ranch then immediately delivered to restaurants.  After speaking with 12 restaurants on O‘ahu who have interest in purchasing locally raised chickens, we know there is need and demand.

We will test “Different Poultry Housing Options for Chickens to Determine Fastest Growth Rate.”  We will use two cage designs currently used in Hawai‘i: the Hubbell Bubble (designed by Michael DuPonte, for laying hens) and a smaller cage type (similar to WARE caging found at Petco).  While the smaller cages benefit producers because they take up less space, we believe that animals raised in the Hubbell Bubble will have faster growth rates due to lower stress.  Lower stress levels is a key component to the ethical treatment of the animals, and supports the fastest growth rates.  We will look at growth rates of chickens by gathering data weekly in the two caging systems (July 2019-July 2020). 

We will hold two workshops for producers to learn about both caging types.  They will tour the farm, hear about our research, and learn from speakers in the industry.  We will construct both caging types, and gift cages from the workshops to producers.  We will encourage producers to use the caging system that causes higher growth rates because we believe that this is a good indicator of ethical animal welfare practices and best contributes to farm profitability. 

Project Objectives:

Objective 1: Determine which caging style supports the best growth rates of chickens

Comparing growth rates of chickens using the Hubbell Bubble and WARE style caging allows us to determine which caging style supports the fastest growth rates.  From this data, we can infer which caging style provides the better growing conditions and reduces stress to the animals. 

Objective 2: Evaluate economic information.

Compare data on materials, costs and time needed to move cages vs carcass weight and market price.  We will include this information in our pamphlets for producers to give them information on the start-up costs and indicate when they can potentially start to see a profit so they can financially prepare themselves.

Objective 3: Promote the use of the best caging style with other producers.

Producers will build both styles of caging at the workshops and learn which promotes higher growth rates.

Pamphlets given to producers will increase knowledge among producers of the different caging styles and the effects that caging style has on growth rates. 

Timeline:

 

Task Name

2019

             
 

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Construction of cages

X X            

Observe growth

    X X X X X X

Outreach workshops

               

Evaluations

               

Compile Data

    X X X X X X

Conclusion/Reporting

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Task Name

2020

             
 

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

Construction of cages

               

Observe growth

X X X X X X X  

Outreach workshops

        X   X  

Evaluations

        X   X  

Compile Data

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

Conclusion/Reporting

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

                   

We will buy the first set of chickens in July and allow 6 weeks for growth then slaughter and start the next group (total of 8 groups of chickens over 48 weeks).  We will take weights once a week and at the time of slaughter, plus carcass weight.  We will use between 30-50 chickens every 6 weeks, 15, 20 or 25 in the Hubbell Bubbel and the same amount in the WARE caging.  The exact number of chickens per 6 week period will be based on market demand.  Workshops will occur in May 2020 and July 2020 with all conclusion/reporting to occur August 2020.

Cooperators

Click linked name(s) to expand/collapse or show everyone's info
  • Valerie Correa - Producer
  • Michael DuPonte - Technical Advisor

Research

Materials and methods:

To compare the two different types of caging methods, we will be using broilers and constructing two different types of cages. 

We will place an equal number of chickens in the cages per treatment each time, either 15, 20 or 25 per cage depending on the market demand at that time.  Twenty five is the most commonly used stocking rate for WARE caging.  The animals will be the same breeds of chicks but chosen at random for the two different caging methods over a 6 week growing period.  Both types of cages are meant to be on the ground and chickens will be directly in contact with grass.  The cages will be moved daily so that they are in a new spot once a day, on new grass that hasn’t been touched in at least 15 days.  The first type of caging, the Hubbell Bubble, takes two people to move and is much taller than the WARE style caging.  The Hubbell Bubble allows the chickens more space and allows them to jump up and roost if they prefer.  The secondary caging method will take up much less space and can be moved with one person.    See figures 1 and 2 for details.  

We will collect the weights of each chicken in each cage type once a week to see the progression of weight gain over 6 weeks and see if one cage method allows for faster weight gain than the other.  All other factors will remain the same (ie: feed, location, time and date of weights).  Our project will be successful once we determine which cage method will allow for faster weight gain.  The hope is to ensure faster weight gain so that time of processing can be lowered.  This will allow us to use less feed per chicken and will teach producers which cage method is better for them. 

Specific methods include:

  1. Measure the weight of birds once a week.  Evaluate the differences and look for trends to determine which caging style allows for faster growth rates of animals.
  2. Measure the weight of the carcasses at slaughter.
  3. Repeat this process every six weeks with new chickens over a one year period
    1. We will use the information over time to see trends and determine if one cage method encourages faster growth rates in the chickens after comparing the numbers over time (July 2019-July 2020).
    1. We will use Excel Spreadsheet for this
  1. Host workshops to demonstrate different cage styles and share results:
    1. Hold two workshops with maximum of 20 guests per workshop.
    2. Incorporate hands-on learning by constructing cages with workshop participants
      1. Cages will be provided to a producer who attends the workshop
    3. Use before and after evaluations to determine if the information provided to producers is helpful
    4. Provide pamphlets to participants with information about raising broiler chickens in Hawai‘i and what we are learning about both caging methods

Figure 1: Diagram for Hubbell Bubble Cage system.  Figure taken from “An Introduction to Natural Farming Poultry Production in Hawai‘i, The Wave of the Future”

Figure 2: Diagram for WARE-style cage system

Research results and discussion:

Western SARE Flow Chart

Please note that in the charts you will see the words "right-small" and "large-left."  Birds in the chart listed as "right-small" were kept in the WARE caging and had their tags on their right legs.  Birds in the chart listed as "left-large" were kept in the Hubbell Bubble and had their tags on their left legs.  Each bird had a colored tag to identify it which is listed as "Red" through "Double Purple."  This allowed us to ensure that each animal was gaining weight even if it was minimal.  

  Round 8, Final Carcass Weight    
  Right-Small Large-Left  

Red

82 oz.

Red

74.2 oz. 
Orange 67.9 oz. Orange 88.4 oz. 
Yellow 50.6 oz. Yellow 97.7 oz. 
Blue 92.2 oz. Blue 96.5 oz. 
Purple 112.6 oz. Purple 92.7 oz. 
White 95.4 oz.  White 89.5 oz. 
Black 87.4 oz. Black 52.1 oz. 
Double Red 83.2 oz.  Double Red 78 oz. 
Double Orange 67.3 oz.  Double Orange 64.3 oz. 
Double Yellow 75.8 oz.  Double Yellow 88.7 oz. 
Double Green 76.2 oz.  Double Green 75.5 oz. 
    Double Blue 68.5 oz. 
       

 

  Round 8, Week 8     
  Right-Small Large-Left  

Red

102.0 oz.

Red

90.3 oz.
Orange 88.1 oz. Orange 107.4 oz.
Yellow 67.7 oz.  Yellow 120.9 oz.
Green  101.2 oz. Green  44.4 oz.
Blue 76.9 oz. Blue 118.9 oz.
Purple 138.9 oz. Purple 120.9 oz.
White 116.5 oz. White 107.1 oz.
Black 69.4 oz. Black 105.4 oz.
Double Red 112.4 oz. Double Red 95.5 oz.
Double Orange 80.1 oz. Double Orange 85.2 oz.
Double Yellow 94.0 oz. Double Yellow 109.6 oz.
Double Green 94.5 oz. Double Green 108.2 oz.
Double Blue 92.8 oz.  Double Blue 85.1 oz.

 

  Round 8, Week 7     
  Right-Small Large-Left  

Red

73.2 oz

Red

79.3 oz 
Orange 72.5 oz Orange 95 oz
Yellow 61.6 oz Yellow 87 oz 
Green  94.9 oz Green  40.7 oz
Blue 94.4 oz Blue 80.2 oz 
Purple 101.2 oz  Purple 100.2 oz 
White 96 oz  White 83.6 oz 
Black 64.8 oz Black 74.5 oz
Double Red 81.1 oz Double Red 101.3 oz 
Double Orange 73.9 oz Double Orange 56.9 oz 
Double Yellow 73.9 oz  Double Yellow 96.4 oz 
Double Green 71.4 oz Double Green 84.8 oz 
Double Blue 75.5 oz  Double Blue 73 oz
       
       

 

  Round 8, Week 6     
  Right-Small Large-Left  

Red

69.7 oz 

Red

60 oz.
Orange 60.1 oz Orange 72.1 oz
Yellow 51.1 oz Yellow 78.1 oz
Green  68.5 oz  Green  32.6 oz
Blue 70.2 oz Blue 77 oz
Purple 67.5 oz  Purple 77.3 oz
White 73.5 oz  White 72.1 oz
Black 53 oz Black 73.7 oz
Double Red 73.4 oz Double Red 67.9 oz
Double Orange 51.5 oz Double Orange 61.3 oz
Double Yellow 72 oz Double Yellow 74.4 oz
Double Green 69.7 oz Double Green 63 oz
Double Blue 57.4 oz Double Blue 44.9 oz
       
       

 

  Round 8, Week 5     
  Right-Small Large-Left  

Red

47.2 oz

Red

42.3 oz
Orange 46.1 oz Orange 50.3 oz
Yellow 39.9 oz Yellow 53.1 oz
Green  55 oz Green  34.3 oz
Blue 49.2 oz Blue 52.5 oz
Purple 59.2 oz Purple 53.9 oz
White 53.7 oz White 49 oz
Black 40 oz Black 52.2 oz
Double Red 49.6 oz Double Red 48.4 oz
Double Orange 42.8 oz Double Orange 46.5 oz
Double Yellow 49.5 oz Double Yellow 51.2 oz
Double Green 54 oz Double Green 45.6 oz
Double Blue

40.7 oz

Double Blue 42.1 oz
       
       

 

 

Round 8, Week 4 

 

 

 

Right-Small

Large-Left

 

Red

 28.3 oz

Red

 27.6 oz

Orange

 30.2 oz

Orange

 33.9 oz

Yellow

 27.6 oz

Yellow

 30.2 oz

Green 

 36.1 oz

Green 

 25.9 oz

Blue

 32.8 oz

Blue

 37.2 oz

Purple

 40.5 oz

Purple

 29.6 oz

White

 36.5 oz

White

 33.2 oz

Black

 25.9 oz

Black

 31.6 oz

Double Red

 34.6 oz

Double Red

 30.5 oz

Double Orange

 28.9 oz

Double Orange

 32 oz

Double Yellow

 32.9 oz

Double Yellow

 35.9 oz

Double Green

 28.7 oz

Double Green

 29.9 oz

Double Blue

 28.9 oz

Double Blue

 34.1 oz

 

 

Round 8, Week 3 

 

 

 

Right-Small

Large-Left

 

Red

 15.3 oz

Red

 16.2 oz

Orange

 17.5 oz

Orange

 15.2 oz

Yellow

 19.8 oz

Yellow

 11.5 oz

Green 

 14.2 oz

Green 

 13.6 oz

Blue

 17.6 oz

Blue

 19.3 oz

Purple

 21.3 oz

Purple

 15.4 oz

White

 14.4 oz

White

 21.6 oz

Black

 17.6 oz

Black

 10.5 oz

Double Red

 16.1 oz

Double Red

 14.6 oz

Double Orange

 14.3 oz

Double Orange

 18.8 oz

Double Yellow

 18.8 oz

Double Yellow

 12.6 oz

Double Green

 9.9 oz

Double Green

 15.4 oz

Double Blue

 17.7 oz

Double Blue

 18.3 oz

Double Purple 

 15.3 oz

No Tag 

 14.5 oz

 

 

Round 8, Week 2 

 

 

 

Right-Small

Large-Left

 

Red

8.9 oz

Red

 7.7 oz

Orange

7.6 oz

Orange

 8.1 oz

Yellow

9.0 oz

Yellow

 5.6 oz

Green 

8.3 oz

Green 

 6.8 oz

Blue

9.3 oz

Blue

 8.9 oz

Purple

10.2 oz

Purple

 9.0 oz

White

8.2 oz

White

 11.2 oz

Black

9.2 oz 

Black

 4.5 oz

Double Red

8.7 oz

Double Red

 6.8 oz

Double Orange

6.9 oz 

Double Orange

 7.2 oz

Double Yellow

10.5 oz 

Double Yellow

 5.5 oz

Double Green

 4.5 oz

Double Green

 6.7 oz

Double Blue

 7.8 oz

Double Blue

 7.6 oz

Double Purple 

 6.7 oz

Double Purple 

 10.1 oz

Double White

 9.0 oz

No Tag 

 6.5 oz

 

  Round 7, Carcass Weight    
       
   

Red

76.2 oz
Orange 77.2 oz Orange 77.4 oz
    Yellow 72.2 oz
Green  78 oz Green  99.5 oz
Blue 69.8 oz Blue 64.8 oz
Purple 60.7 oz Purple 58.7 oz
    White 77.2 oz
Black 77 oz Black 60.2 oz
    Double Red 74.8 oz
    Double Orange 68.7 oz
Double Yellow 89.8 oz Double Yellow 72.5 oz
Double Green 59.6 oz Double Green 73.6 oz
Double Blue 85.8 oz Double Blue 95 oz
    Double Purple  77.9 oz
    No Tag  36.9 oz

Round 7, Week 8 

 

 

 

 

Right-Small

Large-Left

 

 

 

Red

98.4 oz

Orange

97.4 oz

Orange

82.6 oz 

 

 

Yellow

90.5 oz 

Green 

99.5 oz

Green 

122.8 oz

Blue

87.5 oz

Blue

84.1 oz 

Purple

75.5 oz

Purple

81 oz 

White

88.9 oz 

White

92.4 oz

Black

98.3 oz 

Black

79.5 oz 

 

 

Double Red

90.5 oz 

 

 

Double Orange

72.5 oz 

Double Yellow

108.4 oz

Double Yellow

90.2 oz

Double Green

71.5 oz 

Double Green

95.5 oz

Double Blue

109.5 oz 

Double Blue

120.1 oz

 

 

Double Purple 

98 oz 

 

 

Round 7, Week 7 

 

 

 

Right-Small

Large-Left

 

 

 

Red

 72.1 oz

Orange

 78.9 oz

Orange

 66.2 oz

 

 

Yellow

 77.6 oz

Green 

 75.6 oz

Green 

 98.5 oz

Blue

 62.3 oz

Blue

 63.2 oz

Purple

 52.2 oz

Purple

 57.4 oz

White

 69.5 oz

White

 70 oz

Black

 72.8 oz

Black

 56.9 oz

 

 

Double Red

 65.5 oz

 

 

Double Orange

 50.7 oz

Double Yellow

 92.2 oz

Double Yellow

 66.9 oz

Double Green

 60.2 oz

Double Green

 70.2 oz

Double Blue

 90.3 oz

Double Blue

 98.6 oz

 

 

Double Purple 

 70.5 oz

 

 

 

Round 7, Week 6 

 

 

 

Right-Small

Large-Left

 

   

Red

 55.7 oz

Orange

 55.9 oz

Orange

 52.6 oz

 

 

Yellow

 56.6 oz

Green 

 50.2 oz

Green 

 60.5 oz

Blue

 50.6 oz

Blue

45.9 oz

Purple

 40.1 oz

Purple

 42.5 oz

White

 50.6 oz

White

51.2 oz 

Black

 55.3 oz

Black

 45.5 oz

 

 

Double Red

 51.5 oz

 

 

Double Orange

 40.2 oz

Double Yellow

 65.8 oz

Double Yellow

 50.1 oz

Double Green

 52.0 oz

Double Green

 50.4 oz

Double Blue

 60.3 oz

Double Blue

 70.2 oz

 

 

Double Purple 

 58.4 oz

 

 

 

Round 7, Week 5 

 

 

 

Right-Small

Large-Left

 

Red

29.9 oz

Red

40.4 oz

Orange

33.8 oz

Orange

33.9 oz 

Yellow

39.5 oz

Yellow

36.8 oz 

Green 

39.6 oz

Green 

29.5 oz 

Blue

37.9 oz 

Blue

34.5 oz 

Purple

33 oz 

Purple

27.5 oz 

White

36.4 oz 

White

36.1 oz 

Black

40.4 oz 

Black

30.4 oz 

Double Red

38.9 oz

Double Red

42.8 oz 

Double Orange

39.4 oz

Double Orange

34.6 oz 

Double Yellow

47.3 oz 

Double Yellow

37 oz 

Double Green

40.9 oz 

Double Green

29.6 oz 

Double Blue

43.7 oz 

Double Blue

46.6 oz 

 

 

Double Purple 

37.5 oz 

 

Round 7, Week 4 

 

 

 

 

Right-Small

Large-Left

 

Red

26.5 oz 

Red

29.5 oz 

Orange

24.4 oz 

Orange

24 oz 

Yellow

28.1 oz 

Yellow

25.7 oz 

Green 

28.5 oz 

Green 

33.4 oz

Blue

27 oz 

Blue

26.2 oz 

Purple

29.7 oz 

Purple

19.4 oz 

White

26.4 oz 

White

27.8 oz 

Black

29.6 oz 

Black

22.8 oz 

Double Red

25.9 oz 

Double Red

30.8 oz 

Double Orange

29.3 oz 

Double Orange

25.5 oz 

Double Yellow

34 oz 

Double Yellow

27.4 oz 

Double Green

29.9 oz 

Double Green

19.7 oz

Double Blue

32.4 oz 

Double Blue

33.2 oz 

Double Purple 

25.5 oz 

Double Purple 

27.7 oz

 

 

No Tag 

10.9 oz 

 

 

Round 7, Week 3 

 

 

 

 

Right-Small

Large-Left

 

Red

14.6 oz

Red

15.2 oz

Orange

13.9 oz

Orange

13.4 oz

Yellow

16.7 oz

Yellow

14.4 oz

Green 

16.3 oz

Green 

18 oz

Blue

15.1 oz

Blue

14.6 oz

Purple

16.3 oz

Purple

10.8 oz

White

14.5 oz

White

15.4 oz

Black

15.9 oz

Black

15.6 oz

Double Red

13.3 oz

Double Red

16.9 oz

Double Orange

15.8 oz

Double Orange

14.1 oz

Double Yellow

18.2 oz

Double Yellow

15.6 oz

Double Green

16.7 oz

Double Green

10.1 oz

Double Blue

16.5 oz

Double Blue

19.2 oz

Double Purple 

15.3 oz

Double Purple 

12.7 oz

 

 

No Tag 

6.8 oz

 

 

Round 7, Week 2 

 

 

 

Right-Small

Large-Left

 

Red

 6.7 oz

Red

 8.4 oz

Orange

 6.5 oz

Orange

 8.5 oz

Yellow

 9.2 oz

Yellow

 9.6 oz

Green 

 8.8 oz

Green 

 8.3 oz

Blue

 7.5 oz

Blue

 7.1 oz

Purple

 7.9 oz

Purple

 6.2 oz

White

 6.2 oz

White

 7.1 oz

Black

 7.5 oz

Black

 6.7 oz

Double Red

 6.3 oz

Double Red

 7.8 oz

Double Orange

 7.5 oz

Double Orange

 9.2 oz

Double Yellow

 8.2 oz

Double Yellow

 7.7 oz

Double Green

 8.3 oz

Double Green

 5.2 oz

Double Blue

 9.6 oz

Double Blue

 10.1 oz

Double Purple 

 8.6 oz

Double Purple 

 6.2 oz

Double White

 7.5 oz

No Tag 

 5.4 oz

  Round 6, Processed    
  Right-Small Large-Left  

Red

73.2 oz

Red

89.5 oz
    Orange 83.8 oz
    Yellow 85.3 oz
Green  66.4 oz Green  95 oz
       
Purple 82.2 oz Purple 86.8 oz
    White 59.5 oz
Black 85.3 oz Black 90.4 oz
    Double Red 75.6 oz
Double Orange 60.7 oz Double Orange 82.4 oz
    Double Yellow 88.8 oz
Double Green 91.1 oz Double Green 84.1 oz
Double Blue 93.7 oz    
       
    No Tag  82.7 oz

 

  Round 6, Week 8     
  Right-Small Large-Left  

Red

95.2 oz

 

 
    Orange 114.7 oz
    Yellow 110.9 oz
Green  84.2 oz Green  121.9 oz 
       
Purple 108 oz Purple 108.4 oz
    White 80.6 oz
Black 109.9 oz Black 115.7 oz 
Double Red 97.4 oz Double Red 115.1 oz 
Double Orange 83.5 oz Double Orange 106.6 oz
    Double Yellow 110.3 oz
Double Green 122.4 oz  Double Green 102.8 oz
Double Blue 117.2 oz     
       
    No Tag  106.8 oz

 

  Round 6, Week 7     
  Right-Small Large-Left  

Red

76.1 oz

Red

89.7 oz
    Orange 90.4 oz
Yellow 90.1 oz Yellow 86.2 oz
Green  82.3 oz Green  95.3 oz
    Blue

90.2 oz

Purple 93.2 oz Purple 83.7 oz
White 85.5 oz White 66.2 oz
Black 89.4 oz Black 94.4 oz
Double Red 80.9 oz Double Red 98.3 oz
Double Orange 71.2 oz Double Orange 88.6 oz
    Double Yellow 90.8 oz
Double Green 98.3 oz Double Green 85.4 oz
Double Blue 95.1 oz    
    Double Purple  80.2 oz
Double White 97.1 oz  No Tag  88 oz 

 

 

Round 6, Week 6 

 

 

 

Right-Small

Large-Left

 

Red

 55.7 oz

Red

 72.5 oz

 

 

Orange

 75.6 oz

Yellow

 66.3 oz

Yellow

 62.5 oz

Green 

 65.8 oz

Green 

 72.8 oz

 

 

Blue

 58.9 oz

Purple

 72.2 oz

Purple

 66.7 oz

White

 65.8 oz

White

 45.2 oz

Black

 66.2 oz

Black

 72.1 oz

Double Red

 62.3 oz

Double Red

 78.8 oz

Double Orange

 61.1 oz

Double Orange

 60.3 oz

 

 

Double Yellow

 70.3 oz

Double Green

 63.3 oz

Double Green

 71.2 oz

Double Blue

 71.2 oz

 

 

Double Purple 

 70.2 oz

Double Purple 

 65.2 oz

Double White

 65.3 oz

No Tag 

 68.5 oz

 

 

 

Round 6, Week 5 

 

 

 

Right-Small

Large-Left

 

Red

 40.2 oz

Red

 50.2 oz

 

 

Orange

 44.5 oz

Yellow

 41.3 oz

Yellow

 43.6 oz

Green 

 48.2 oz

Green 

 51.4 oz

Blue

 45.7 oz

Blue

 39.9 oz

Purple

 52 oz

Purple

 42.1 oz

White

 40.8 oz

White

 37.7 oz

Black

 49.5 oz

Black

 45.2 oz

Double Red

 37.9 oz

Double Red

 53.6 oz

Double Orange

 42.3 oz

Double Orange

 37.9 oz

Double Yellow

 55.5 oz

Double Yellow

 56.3 oz

Double Green

 36.7 oz

Double Green

 57.8 oz

Double Blue

 40.2 oz

Double Blue

 46.8 oz

Double Purple 

 33.6 oz

Double Purple 

 48.7 oz

Double White

 51.1 oz

No Tag 

 44.2 oz

 

  Round 6, Week 4     
  Right-Small Large-Left  

Red

27.7 oz 

Red

35.2 oz 
    Orange 29.1 oz
Yellow 22.8 oz  Yellow 29.6 oz
Green  31.3 oz Green  31 oz
Blue 23.2 oz  Blue 27.4 oz
Purple 36 oz  Purple 26.6 oz
White 21.9 oz  White 21.1 oz
Black 32 oz  Black 33.5 oz
Double Red 28.6 oz  Double Red 30.3 oz
Double Orange 21.9 oz  Double Orange 28.4 oz
Double Yellow 36.6 oz  Double Yellow 31.4 oz
Double Green 26.6 oz  Double Green 31.9 oz
Double Blue 31.8 oz  Double Blue 20 oz
Double Purple  19.7 oz  Double Purple  28.1 oz
Double White 30.1 oz  No Tag  26.6 oz

 

  Round 6, Week 3     
  Right-Small Large-Left  

Red

 18 oz

Red

 24.8 oz
Orange  14.6 oz Orange  19.6 oz
Yellow  21.1 oz Yellow  20 oz
Green   19.9 oz Green   21.8 oz
Blue  18.3 oz Blue  18.2 oz
Purple  23 oz Purple  20.1 oz
White 18 oz White 20.2 oz
Black 20.2 oz Black 22.8 oz
Double Red 21 oz Double Red 21.4 oz
Double Orange 14.7 oz Double Orange 18.6 oz
Double Yellow 22.6 oz Double Yellow 22.2 oz
Double Green 22.1 oz Double Green 22 oz
Double Blue 20.3 oz Double Blue 16.2 oz
Double Purple  19.9 oz Double Purple  20.5 oz
Double White 18 oz  No Tag  19.5 oz 

 

  Round 6, Week 2     
  Right-Small Large-Left  

Red

 10.1 oz

Red

 12.9 oz
Orange  10.5 oz Orange  10.5 oz
Yellow  11.1 oz Yellow  9.9 oz
Green   10.5 oz Green   11.1 oz
Blue  9.7 oz Blue  10.7 oz
Purple  11.5 oz Purple  10.5 oz
White  10.1 oz White  7.2 oz
Black  10.8 oz Black  11.0 oz
Double Red  10.5 oz Double Red  11.1 oz
Double Orange  8.1 oz Double Orange  10.5 oz
Double Yellow  11.6 oz Double Yellow  10.9 oz
Double Green  11.8 oz Double Green  11.5 oz
Double Blue  10.7 oz Double Blue  8.7 oz
Double Purple   7.9 oz Double Purple   10.7 oz
Double White  9.3 oz  No Tag   10.5 oz 

 

  Round 5, Processed Weight    
  Right-Small Large-Left  

Red

 83.2 oz Yellow  85.5 oz
Green   80.1 oz Blue  57.8 oz
Purple  40.4 oz White  50.2 oz
White  36.6 oz Double Red  56.5 oz
Double Black  75.5 oz Double Orange  46.5 oz
Double Orange  74.3 oz Double Green  56.2 oz
Double Green  78.5 oz Double Blue  56.9 oz
Double Blue  71 oz Double Purple   36.6 oz
Double Purple   53.9 oz Double White   71.7 oz 
Double White  61.4 oz     

 

  Round 5, Week 8     
  Right-Small Large-Left  

Red

 109.3 oz Yellow  105.7 oz
Green  99.2 oz Blue  89.2 oz
Purple  73.6 oz White  75.7 oz
White  66.2 oz Black  89.2 oz
Double Orange  107.4 oz Double Red  80.3 oz
Double Green  112.8 oz Double Orange  100.2 oz
Double Blue  105.2 oz Double Green  90.6 oz
Double Purple   85.4 oz Double Blue  90.2 oz
Double White  95.4 oz  Double Purple   62.5 oz
Double Black  119.4 oz Double White  101.5 oz 

 

  Round 5, Week 7     
  Right-Small Large-Left  

Red

 62.5 oz Yellow  92.5 oz
Green  81.2 oz Blue  67.0 oz
Purple  65.3 oz White  63.5 oz
White  52.0 oz Black  71.1 oz
Double Orange  82.5 oz Double Red  69.1 oz
Double Green  90.1 oz Double Orange  78.5 oz
Double Blue  87.8 oz Double Green  71.2 oz
Double Purple   61.7 oz Double Blue  85.5 oz
Double White  81.0 oz  Double Purple   55.3 oz
Double Black  95.8 oz Double White  94.3 oz 

 

  Round 5, Week 6     
  Right-Small Large-Left  

Red

 48.7 oz Orange  52.1 oz
Orange  42 oz Yellow   84.4 oz
Yellow  62.2 oz Green    52.5 oz
Green   66.7 oz Blue   53.3 oz
Blue  73.2 oz Purple  68.5 oz
Purple  52.9 oz

 

  Round 5, Week 5     
  Right-Small Large-Left  

Red

 40.6 oz Orange  40.5 oz
Orange  33.6 oz Yellow  64.2 oz
Yellow  45.8 oz Green   40.3 oz
Green   50.5 oz Blue  37.8 oz
Blue  57.7 oz Purple  51.1 oz
Purple  40.2 oz White  39.8 oz
White  36.75 oz Black  44.4 oz
Black  38.3 oz Double Red  42.5 oz
Double Red  23.2 oz Double Orange  35.2 oz
Double Orange  45.6 oz Double Green  45.7 oz
Double Green  48.4 oz Double Blue  37.7 oz
Double Blue  40.2 oz Double Purple   27.8 oz
Double Purple   34.3 oz No Tag   53.8 oz 
Double White  51.7 oz     

 

  Round 5, Week 4     
  Right-Small Large-Left  

Red

 35.5 oz

Red

 12 oz
Orange  22.5 oz Orange  30.1 oz
Yellow  28.4 oz Yellow  35.7 oz
Green   29.6 oz Green   28.6 oz
Blue  32.09 oz Blue  25.7 oz
Purple  32.05 oz Purple  33.8 oz
White  30.2 oz White  24.1 oz
Black  29.7 oz Black  32.08 oz
Double Red  20.6 oz Double Red  27.9 oz
Double Orange  33.1 oz Double Orange  27.4 oz
Double Yellow  27.1 oz Double Yellow  18.3 oz
Double Green  30.2 oz Double Green  29 oz
Double Blue  25.1 oz Double Blue  29.9 oz
Double Purple   26.2 oz Double Purple   21.4 oz
Double White  32.07 oz  Double White  39.6 oz 
Double Black   30.7 oz    

 

  Round 5, Week 3     
  Right-Small Large-Left  

Red

 19.1 oz

Red

 19 oz
Orange  12.3 oz Orange  17.5 oz
Yellow  16.02 oz Yellow  19.7 oz
Green   16.08 oz Green   15.9 oz
Blue  23 oz Blue  16.5 oz
Purple  17.8 oz Purple  19.7 oz
White  17.1 oz White  14.8 oz
Black  20.8 oz Black  18.3 oz
Double Red  15.6 oz Double Red  17.5 oz
Double Orange  19.8 oz Double Orange  16.03 oz
Double Yellow  14.6 oz Double Yellow  13.3 oz
Double Green  17.7 oz Double Green  17.8 oz
Double Blue  21.1 oz Double Blue  21.2 oz
Double Purple   17 oz Double Purple   12.2 oz
Double White  22.6 oz  Double White   19.6 oz 
Double Black   18.8 oz    

 

  Round 5, Week 2     
  Right-Small Large-Left  

Red

 9.8 oz

Red

 9.2 oz
Orange  6.7 oz Orange  11.2 oz
Yellow  10.3 oz Yellow  11.8 oz
Green   9.3 oz Green   11.3 oz
Blue  12.2 oz Blue  9.7 oz
Purple  10.2 oz Purple  12.2 oz
White  9.4 oz White  9.3 oz
Black  11.3 oz Black  10.8 oz
Double Red  8.3 oz Double Red  10.5 oz
Double Orange  10.4 oz Double Orange  10.5 oz
Double Yellow  8.5 oz Double Yellow  9.5 oz
Double Green  9.9 oz Double Green  12.5 oz
Double Blue  11.6 oz Double Blue  11.3 oz
Double Purple   10.2 oz Double Purple   8.5 oz
Double White  10.3 oz  Double White  12.7 oz 
Double Black   10.3 oz Double Black  13.3 oz

 

  Round 4, Carcass Weight    
  Right-Small Large-Left  

Red

 64.64 oz Yellow  96.05 oz
Purple  76.7 oz Black  55.4 oz
White  64.19 oz Double Yellow  85.4 oz
Double Orange  64.61 oz Double Black  58.2 oz 
Double Yellow  75.2 oz    
Double White   64.16 oz    

 

  Round 4, Week 8     
  Right-Small Large-Left  

Red*

 99.5 oz Yellow*  126.4 oz
Yellow  84.9 oz Green   91.7 oz
Purple*  60.4 oz Purple  94.1 oz
White*  87.4 oz Black*  74.4 oz
Double Orange*  90.2 oz Double Yellow*  114.8 oz
Double Yellow*  92.9 oz Double Purple   79.2 oz
Double White*  77.4 oz  Double Black*   80.5 oz 

 

  Round 4, Week 7     
  Right-Small Large-Left  

Red*

 78.1 oz Yellow*  98.6 oz
Yellow  67.6 oz Green   46.2 oz
Purple*  54.8 oz Purple  75.6 oz
White*  75.5 oz Black*  54 oz
Double Orange*  76 oz Double Yellow*  94.3 oz
Double Yellow*  73.7 oz Double Purple   32.6 oz
Double White*  60.5 oz  Double Black*  62.6 oz 

 

  Round 4, Week 6     
  Right-Small Large-Left  

Red*

 76.5 oz Yellow*  85.8 oz
Yellow  64.02 oz Green   70.3 oz
Blue  37.6 oz Purple  69.1 oz
Purple*  50.3 oz Black*  50.1 oz
White*  68.3 oz Double Yellow*  84.3 oz
Double Orange*  68.4 oz Double Green  39.4 oz
Double Yellow*  71.9 oz Double Purple   55.1 oz
Double Blue  30.6 oz Double Black*  57.5 oz 
Double White*  54.1 oz     

 

  Round 4, Week 5     
  Right-Small Large-Left  

Red*

 52.5 oz Yellow*  62 oz
Yellow  54.7 oz Green   50.4 oz
Blue  54.3 oz Purple  50.1 oz
Purple*  37.7 oz Black*  40.6 oz
White*  52.5 oz Double Yellow*  57.1 oz
Double Orange*  49.2 oz Double Green  44.9 oz
Double Yellow*  51 oz Double Purple   39.9 oz
Double Blue  35.5 oz Double Black*  45.6 oz 
Double Purple   54.9 oz    
Double White*  42.4 oz     

 

  Round 4, Week 4     
  Right-Small Large-Left  

Red*

 41.1 oz

Red

 38.4 oz
Orange  38.9 oz Orange  44.2 oz
Yellow  43.8 oz Yellow*  47.5 oz
Blue  44 oz Green   40 oz
Purple*  34.8 oz Blue  38 oz
White*  43.9 oz Purple  37.1 oz
Black  30.4 oz White  40.8 oz
Double Red  46.6 oz Black*  30.5 oz
Double Orange*  36.2 oz Double Red  38.4 oz
Double Yellow*  41.1 oz Double Orange  37.8 oz
Double Green  46.2 oz Double Yellow*  41.1 oz
Double Blue  42.8 oz Double Green  39 oz
Double Purple   45.6 oz Double Purple   35.3 oz
Double White*  35.6 oz  Double White  47.4 oz 
Double Black  44.7 oz Double Black*  33.1 oz

 

  Round 4, Week 3     
  Right-Small Large-Left  

Red*

 21 oz

Red

 21.5 oz
Orange  20.1 oz Orange  23.5 oz
Yellow  21.2 oz Yellow*  23.6 oz
Green   19.1 oz Green   22.1 oz
Blue  22.5 oz Blue  19.5 oz
Purple*  18.3 oz Purple  19.3 oz
White*  21.1 oz White  21.5 oz
Black  21.4 oz Black*  15.6 oz
Double Red  22.8 oz Double Red  20.9 oz
Double Orange*  18 oz Double Orange  21.6 oz
Double Yellow*  21 oz Double Yellow*  20.4 oz
Double Green  21.2 oz Double Green  20.1 oz
Double Blue  21.5 oz Double Blue  22.3 oz
Double Purple   23.9 oz Double Purple   20.1 oz
Double White*  23.2 oz  Double White  17.5 oz 
Double Black   21.2 oz Double Black*  17.6 oz

 

  Round 4, Week 2     
  Right-Small Large-Left  

Red*

 8.7 oz

Red

 9.6 oz
Orange  8.7 oz Orange  10.7 oz
Yellow  9.9 oz Yellow*  10.2 oz
Green   9.7 oz Green   9.9 oz
Blue  10.9 oz Blue  9.4 oz
Purple*  8.1 oz Purple  8.9 oz
White*  9.1 oz White  9.5 oz
Black  10.2 oz Black*  6.9 oz
Double Red  9.6 oz Double Red  9.0 oz
Double Orange*  8.9 oz Double Orange  10.1 oz
Double Yellow*  8.7 oz Double Yellow*  9.2 oz
Double Green  9.2 oz Double Green  9.3 oz
Double Blue  9.8 oz Double Blue  10.5 oz
Double Purple   9.6 oz Double Purple   9.7 oz
Double White  8.4 oz  Double Black*  7.6 oz 
Double Black*  8.9 oz Double White  10.2 oz

 

  Round 3, Carcass Weights     
  Right-Small Large-Left  
Orange  84.7 oz

Red

 78 oz
Yellow  62.6 oz Yellow  66.5 oz
Blue  47.6 oz Green   72.5 oz
Purple  49.1 oz Blue  91 oz
Double Red  61.3 oz Purple  72.5 oz
Double Green  54.3 oz White  68.4 oz
Double Blue  52.4 oz Black  68.2 oz
Double Purple   52.7 oz Double Red  96.08 oz
    Double Orange  74.9 oz
    Double Green  66.8 oz
    Double Blue  65.5 oz
    Double Purple   60.6 oz

 

  Round 3, Week 8     
  Right-Small Large-Left  
Orange  95.4 oz

Red

 104.4 oz
Yellow  80 oz Yellow  92 oz
Blue  69.2 oz Green   91.2 oz
Purple  59.2 oz Blue  56.9 oz
Double Red  90.4 oz Purple  95.9 oz
Double Green  74.3 oz White  98.2 oz
Double Blue  72 oz Black  89.2 oz
Double Purple   71 oz Double Red  119.4 oz
    Double Orange  98.3 oz
    Double Green  85.6 oz
    Double Blue  84.9 oz
    Double Purple   80.03 oz

 

  Round 3, Week 7     
  Right-Small Large-Left  
Orange  90.7 oz

Red

 85.7 oz
Yellow  67.9 oz Yellow  80.8 oz
Blue  94 oz Green   49.5 oz
Purple  53.1 oz Blue  49.8 oz
Double Red  73.6 oz Purple  81.3 oz
Double Green  63.3 oz White  84.4 oz
Double Blue  65.8 oz Black  71.4 oz
Double Purple   59.9 oz Double Red  103.7 oz
    Double Orange  78.2 oz
    Double Green  73.4 oz
    Double Blue  65.5 oz
    Double Purple   65.5 oz

 

  Round 3, Week 6     
  Right-Small Large-Left  
Orange  68.1 oz

Red

 58 oz
Yellow  47.8 oz Yellow  60.5 oz
Blue  72.1 oz Green   60.8 oz
Purple  39.9 oz Blue  35.5 oz
Black  57.8 oz Purple  61.7 oz
Double Red  58.9 oz White  66.3 oz
Double Green  48.07 oz Black  52.2 oz
Double Blue  51.5 oz Double Red  78.2 oz
Double Purple   51.1 oz Double Orange  54.3 oz
    Double Green  57.9 oz
    Double Blue  51.4 oz
    Double Purple   48.03 oz

 

  Round 3, Week 5     
  Right-Small Large-Left  
Orange  56.6 oz

Red

 52.6 oz
Yellow  35.4 oz Yellow  48.03 oz
Green   54.4 oz Green   50.9 oz
Blue  55.1 oz Blue  30.8 oz
Purple  31.4 oz Purple  51.2 oz
Black  44.9 oz White  50.7 oz
Double Red  51.5 oz Black  41.3 oz
Double Orange  23 oz Double Red  62.6 oz
Double Green  46.9 oz Double Orange  42.1 oz
Double Blue  40.7 oz Double Green  46.9 oz
Double Purple   40.4 oz Double Blue  40.7 oz
    Double Purple   40.4 oz

 

  Round 3, Week 4     
  Right-Small Large-Left  

Red

 22.6 oz

Red

 34.3 oz
Orange  38.6 oz Orange  30.4 oz
Yellow  26.9 oz Yellow  33.2 oz
Green   41 oz Green   33 oz
Blue  37.9 oz Blue  20.5 oz
Purple  22.6 oz Purple  34.3 oz
White  35.1 oz White  32 oz
Black  30.7 oz Black  26.5 oz
Double Red  33.5 oz Double Red  32 oz
Double Orange  32 oz Double Orange  34 oz
Double Yellow  27.3 oz Double Yellow  25.6 oz
Double Green  28.7 oz Double Green  30.3 oz
Double Blue  32.3 oz Double Blue  26.3 oz
Double Purple   30.3 oz Double Purple   25.2 oz

 

  Round 3, Week 3     
  Right-Small Large-Left  

Red

 13.2 oz

Red

 17.5 oz
Orange  22.8 oz Orange  15.8 oz
Yellow  16.09 oz Yellow  19.5 oz
Green   19.6 oz Green   18.4 oz
Blue  21.6 oz Blue  12.3 oz
Purple  17.6 oz Purple  19.2 oz
White  18.6 oz White  16.03 oz
Black  17.8 oz Black  17.3 oz
Double Red  17.6 oz Double Red  21.3 oz
Double Orange  17.5 oz Double Orange  18.7 oz
Double Yellow  18.5 oz Double Yellow  17.9 oz
Double Green  15.5 oz Double Green  17.8 oz
Double Blue  17.6 oz Double Blue  18.3 oz
Double Purple   16.08 oz Double Purple   17.5 oz

 

  Round 3, Week 2     
  Right-Small Large-Left  

Red

 7 oz

Red

 8.5 oz
Orange  10.7 oz Orange  7.4 oz
Yellow  7.3 oz Yellow  8.7 oz
Green   8.4 oz Green   8.7 oz
Blue  9.2 oz Blue  4.8 oz
Purple  5.1 oz Purple  9.5 oz
White  8.9 oz White  8.3 oz
Black  7.7 oz Black  8 oz
Double Red  7.8 oz Double Red  9.6 oz
Double Orange  7.6 oz Double Orange  7.9 oz
Double Yellow  8.3 oz Double Yellow  7.8 oz
Double Green  7.2 oz Double Green  7.6 oz
Double Blue  6.8 oz Double Blue  8.2 oz
Double Purple   7.7 oz Double Purple   8.8 oz

 

  Round 2, Carcass Weights     
  Right-Small Large-Left  

Red

 53.9 oz Orange  59.2 oz
Orange  62.2 oz  Yellow  57.2 oz
Yellow  41.5 oz Green   67.2 oz
Green  62.5 oz Purple  50.2 oz
Blue  44.4 oz Double Red  61.3 oz
White  27.9 oz Double Orange  57.7 oz
Black  69.5 oz Double Yellow  70.7 oz
Double Orange  49.3 oz Double Green  79.8 oz
Double Green  40.7 oz    

 

  Round 2, Week 8     
  Right-Small Large-Left  

Red

 74.4 oz Orange  79.4 oz
Orange  79.1 oz Yellow  87 oz
Yellow  58.1 oz Green   88.6 oz
Green   83.7 oz Purple  72.2 oz
Blue  61.1 oz Double Red  77.5 oz
White  19.8 oz Double Orange  77.5 oz
Black  89.3 oz Double Yellow  95.5 oz
Double Orange  79.2 oz Double Green  103.4 oz
Double Green  56.8 oz    

 

  Round 2, Week 7     
  Right-Small Large-Left  

Red

 54.1 oz Orange  66 oz
Orange  60 oz Yellow  70.5 oz
Yellow  47.5 oz Green   70.5 oz
Green   67.9 oz Purple  59.6 oz
Blue  52.2 oz Double Red  66.1 oz
White  41.5 oz Double Orange  59.7 oz
Black  76.2 oz Double Yellow  72.9 oz
Double Red  66.5 oz Double Green  84.8 oz
Double Orange  52.2 oz    
Double Green  41.8 oz    

 

  Round 2, Week 6     
  Right-Small Large-Left  

Red

 38.4 oz Orange  54.7 oz
Orange  45 oz Yellow  49 oz
Yellow  34.9 oz Green   60 oz
Green   47 oz Purple  51.3 oz
Blue  42.8 oz Double Red  52 oz
White  38.4 oz Double Orange  42.2 oz
Black  55.6 oz Double Yellow  50.4 oz
Double Red  49 oz Double Green  59.2 oz
Double Orange  39 oz    
Double Green  32 oz    

 

  Round 2, Week 5     
  Right-Small Large-Left  

Red

 29 oz Orange  39.6 oz
Orange  38 oz Yellow  37 oz
Yellow  28.1 oz Green   38.6 oz
Green   35.7 oz Purple  30.7 oz
Blue  30.1 oz Double Red  35 oz
White  39 oz Double Orange  20.7 oz
Black  43.2 oz Double Yellow  30.4 oz
Double Red  41 oz Double Green  42.4 oz
Double Orange  25 oz    
Double Green  28.5 oz    

 

  Round 2, Week 4     
  Right-Small Large-Left  

Red

 14.6 oz Orange  26.8 oz
Orange  29 oz Yellow  24 oz
Yellow  21.8 oz Green   26.3 oz
Green   26 oz Purple  29.9 oz
Blue  19.4 oz Double Red  31.5 oz
White  23.1 oz Double Orange  23.2 oz
Black  31.5 oz Double Yellow  22.5 oz
Double Red  23 oz Double Green  27.6 oz
Double Orange  15.2 oz    
Double Green  21 oz    

 

  Round 2, Week 3     
  Right-Small Large-Left  

Red

 5.8 oz Orange  16.04 oz
Orange  6.1 oz Yellow  12.9 oz
Yellow  10.5 oz Green   9.6 oz
Green   13.3 oz Purple  13.5 oz
Blue  10.4 oz Double Red  17.3 oz
White  9.5 oz Double Orange  12.6 oz
Black  13 oz Double Yellow  12.4 oz
Double Red  10.4 oz Double Green  17 oz
Double Orange  12.2 oz    
Double Green  10.6 oz    

 

  Round 2, Week 2     
  Right-Small Large-Left  

Red

 5.3 oz

Red

 6.9 oz
Orange  3.6 oz Orange  8.9 oz
Yellow  6 oz Yellow  7.6 oz
Green   5.7 oz Green   5.9 oz
Blue  5.8 oz Blue  4.4 oz
Purple  6.7 oz Purple  9 oz
White  5.5 oz White  4.7 oz
Black  8.3 oz Black  11.5 oz
Double Red  5.4 oz Double Red  9.7 oz
Double Orange  8.1 oz Double Orange  6.7 oz
Double Yellow  3.9 oz Double Yellow  7 oz
Double Green  7 oz Double Green  8.7 oz
Double Blue  4.8 oz Double Blue  4.4 oz

 

  Round 1, Carcass Weights     
  Right-Small Large-Left  

Red

 34.7 oz

Red

 23.0 oz
Orange  24.8 oz Orange  23.6 oz
Yellow  28.0 oz Yellow  36.0 oz
Green   39.5 oz Green   28.3 oz
Blue  25.2 oz Blue  34.9 oz
Purple  30.9 oz Purple  35.0 oz
White  41.1 oz White  35.6 oz
Black  32.5 oz Black  30.7 oz
Double Red  34.0 oz Double Red  29.8 oz
Double Orange  31.2 oz Double Orange  25.1 oz
Double Yellow  31.1 oz Double Yellow  21.9 oz
Double Green  35.1 oz Double Green  37.8 oz
Double Blue  39.9 oz Double Blue  22.3 oz
Double Purple   44.2 oz Double Purple   43.2 oz
Double White  31.0 oz  No Tag   34.4 oz 

 

  Round 1, Week 8     
  Right-Small Large-Left  

Red

 43.0 oz

Red

 30.8 oz
Orange  33.8 oz Orange  28.0 oz
Yellow  39.0 oz Yellow  43.1 oz
Green   34.3 oz Green   32.6 oz
Blue  43.0 oz Blue  43.0 oz
Purple  38.6 oz Purple  43.1 oz
White  48.6 oz White  42.2 oz
Black  42.0 oz Black  44.3 oz
Double Red  48.9 oz Double Red  40.0 oz
Double Orange  35.6 oz Double Orange  35.0 oz
Double Yellow  48.6 oz Double Yellow  32.9 oz
Double Green  47.5 oz Double Green  48.1 oz
Double Blue  49.4 oz Double Blue  32.4 oz
Double Purple   58.2 oz Double Purple   54.8 oz
Double White  45.5 oz  No Tag   36.5 oz 

 

  Round 1, Week 7     
  Right-Small Large-Left  

Red

 42.7 oz

Red

 25.1 oz
Orange  28.7 oz Orange  28.4 oz
Yellow  38.2 oz Yellow  30.6 oz
Green   35.3 oz Green   33.0 oz
Blue  23.9 oz Blue  41.2 oz
Purple  16 oz Purple  27.2 oz
White  28 oz White  28.0 oz
Black  37.4 oz Black  44.0 oz
Double Red  32.9 oz Double Red  36.2 oz
Double Orange  33.9 oz Double Orange  32.9 oz
Double Yellow  45.0 oz Double Yellow  29.6 oz
Double Green  45.9 oz Double Green  34.7 oz
Double Blue  37.6 oz Double Blue  39.2 oz
Double Purple   33.8 oz Double Purple   35.0 oz
Double White  47.7 oz  No Tag   46.2 oz 

 

  Round 1, Week 6     
  Right-Small Large-Left  

Red

 35.1 oz

Red

 20.6 oz
Orange  24.5 oz Orange  22.5 oz
Yellow  37.8 oz Yellow  25.6 oz
Green   35.4 oz Green   29.6 oz
Blue  20.8 oz Blue  33.7 oz
Purple  39.1 oz Purple  23.9 oz
White  31.5 oz White  27.8 oz
Black  17.9 oz Black  30.8 oz
Double Red  31.2 oz Double Red  19.2 oz
Double Orange  37.5 oz Double Orange  23.9 oz
Double Yellow  37.1 oz Double Yellow  31.3 oz
Double Green  25.4 oz Double Green  35.5 oz
Double Blue  31.7 oz Double Blue  30.7 oz
Double Purple   39.5 oz Double Purple   25.5 oz
Double White  32.6 oz  No Tag   29.3 oz 

 

  Round 1, Week 5     
  Right-Small Large-Left  

Red

 20.4 oz

Red

 12.5 oz
Orange  23.6 oz Orange  15.1 oz
Yellow  24.6 oz Yellow  16 oz
Green   22.6 oz Green   19.8 oz
Blue  14.7 oz Blue  21 oz
Purple  15.1 oz Purple  16 oz
White  19.9 oz White  23.2 oz
Black  20.5 oz Black  19.3 oz
Double Red  15.4 oz Double Red  17.2 oz
Double Orange  17.4 oz Double Orange  14.5 oz
Double Yellow  19.7 oz Double Yellow  19.2 oz
Double Green  21.7 oz Double Green  20.4 oz
Double Blue  19.5 oz Double Blue  24.8 oz
Double Purple   17 oz Double Purple   24.8 oz
Double White  16 oz  No Tag   17.7 oz 

 

  Round 1, Week 4     
  Right-Small Large-Left  

Red

 17.5 oz

Red

 16.0 oz
Orange  16 oz Orange  11.5 oz
Yellow  13.7 oz Yellow  9.5 oz
Green   18 oz Green   16.4 oz
Blue  12.3 oz Blue  18.6 oz
Purple  13.3 oz Purple  17.02 oz
White  10.5 oz White  11.9 oz
Black  15.5 oz Black  10.8 oz
Double Red  19.3 oz Double Red  16.06 oz
Double Orange  12 oz Double Orange  13.8 oz
Double Yellow  13.6 oz Double Yellow  11.5 oz
Double Green  14.9 oz Double Green  16.0 oz
Double Blue  17.15 oz Double Blue  17.6 oz
Double Purple   15.0 oz Double Purple   13.3 oz
Double White  15.0 oz  No Tag   18.0 oz 

 

  Round 1, Week 3     
  Right-Small Large-Left  

Red

 12.52 oz

Red

 12.16 oz
Orange  9.84 oz Orange  10.08 oz
Yellow  12.73 oz Yellow  7.44 oz
Green   13.05 oz Green   12.76 oz
Blue  12.76 oz Blue  14.77 oz
Purple  9.03 oz Purple  9.77 oz
White  8.5 oz White  10.12 oz
Black  12.52 oz Black  8.88 oz
Double Red  15.27 oz Double Red  12.87 oz
Double Orange  10.86 oz Double Orange  12.2 oz
Double Yellow  12.59 oz Double Yellow  10.08 oz
Double Green  9.559 oz Double Green  11.04 oz
Double Blue  14.32 oz Double Blue  10.61 oz
Double Purple   10.93 oz Double Purple   12.55 oz
Double White  9.03 oz  No Tag   13.22 oz 

 

  Round 1, Week 2     
  Right-Small Large-Left  

Red

  6.03 oz

Red

 5.71 oz
Orange  6.173 oz Orange  5.78 oz
Yellow  8.46 oz Yellow  5.96 oz
Green   7.37 oz Green   8.11 oz
Blue  6.84 oz Blue  7.9 oz
Purple  5.11 oz Purple  7.79 oz
White  6.1 oz White  6.91 oz
Black  6.067 oz Black  5.71 oz
Double Red  9.171 oz Double Red  6.56 oz
Double Orange  6.7 oz Double Orange  8.0 oz
Double Yellow  7.161 oz Double Yellow  6.52 oz
Double Green  7.83 oz Double Green  5.71 oz
Double Blue  9.06 oz Double Blue  7.69 oz
Double Purple   7.83 oz Double Purple   7.83 oz
Double White  5.6 oz  No Tag   7.51 oz 

Averages of Week 8 and Carcass Weights of all rounds:

Week 8 Small 2/8 Large 6/8

 

Round 8

Round 7

Round 6

Round 5

Round 4

Round 3

Round 2

Round 1

Small (in oz.)

87.3

92.9

102.2

97.4

84.7

76.4

66.8

43.7

Large (in oz.)

99.9

99.9

108.5

88.5

94.4

91.3

85.1

39.1

Difference between Hubbell Bubble Averages and WARE (in oz.)

12.6

7

6.3

-8.9

9.7

14.9

18.3

-4.6

Carcass: Small 3/8 Large 4/8 Tie 1/8

 

Round 8

Round 7

Round 6

Round 5

Round 4

Round 3

Round 2

Round 1

Small (in oz.)

81

74.7

78.9

65.5

68.25

58.1

50.2

31.5

Large (in oz.)

81

72.4

83.7

57.5

73.8

73.4

62.9

30.8

Difference between Hubbell Bubble Averages and WARE (in oz.)

0

-2.3

4.8

-8

5.55

15.3

12.7

-0.7

Our conclusions from this research are that the larger caging option (Hubbell Bubble) allowed for higher growth rates more often than the smaller (WARE) caging system.  The benefits of the larger option included that the larger caging system was harder for predators to enter, it allowed for more movement into shady areas during hottest times of the day, it gives more surface area of grasses and weeds, and it showed better growth rates overall.  Additionally, chickens who were in the larger caging appeared to have consumed less broiler mix and more grass and weeds.  Chickens in the larger caging system showed less signs of stress during weighing-less vocalizing, less struggle while being picked up, and less running away when being picked up.  The smaller caging system much easier to move and took up less space making it a better option for producers who may have less land space.  One of our biggest challenges was predators of mongoose and feral pigs.  Having LGD’s greatly helps with predator reduction. 

The economic costs in the state of HI are tremendous so it is important to have a very strategic business plan.  Based on the cost spent on the purchase of the chicks, the cost of feed and water during rearing, and the cost of processing the birds, one would need to sell birds between $5-6/lb in order to see any profit.  This is also the current goin grate for purchase of processed broilers from J. Ludoviko Farms and Puna Chicks, the two current broiler producers in the state.  This information is important because even if a profit could be turned at a smaller amount per pound, underpricing other farmers to create competition only hurts your fellow producers.  Providing a fair cost to consumers that is also the going rate of other producers puts everyone in the best situation to succeed.  In order for costs in HI to be viable and to create enough of a profit for a farmer/rancher to make a living salary, it is best if he/she is producing and selling the maximum number of chickens allowed for a custom exempt facility (less than 10,000 birds annually).  This would mean that a producer in HI would need to sell around 192 birds per week to see the highest profits.  

Participation Summary
2 Farmers participating in research

Educational & Outreach Activities

3 Consultations
2 Curricula, factsheets or educational tools
2 On-farm demonstrations
2 Tours
2 Workshop field days

Participation Summary:

13 Farmers
1 Ag professionals participated
Education/outreach description:

Western SARE Brochure 1

Western SARE Brochure 2

There were 2 workshops held in July 2020 and August 2020 at Double D Farm and Ranch L.L.C. where participants learned about raising broilers in the state of Hawai‘i.  Initially we wanted to hold our first workshop in May and our second workshop in July.  Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, we pushed back our workshop dates and we limited the number of workshop participants at our second workshop to 10 people.  We marketed our workshops through the use of social media, and through word of mouth.  We did not need to post fliers because we had enough producers sign up using social media and word of mouth.  The small amount of producers per workshop gave a small group feel and an optimized learning environment.  Though our participants were not required to wear masks, they were asked to space 6 feet apart as much as possible, to wash their hands before getting refreshments, and if they had any signs of illness.  We also contacted attendees 24 hours prior to the workshop and asked them if they had been in contact with anyone who tested positive, if they had a fever, or if they had any signs/symptoms of COVID-19.     

Workshop 1: July 18, 2020

Workshop 2: August 8, 2020

The workshops ran from 10 am-3 pm.  Due to the travel restrictions between islands in the state of Hawai'i, we were unable to have Michael DuPonte as a speaker.  Instead we limited the workshop speaker to one person, Julius Ludviko who is currently the only broiler producer on O'ahu who goes from farm to table.  He was a wealth of knowledge for our producers, providing information from his own farm and the trials/tribulations he has faced.  He gave feedback on our caging systems throughout the farm tours and gave feedback during construction of the caging systems at the workshops.  He provided information on the rules and regulations for constructing a custom exempt processing facility and the importance of sanitation for food safety.  

Our participants toured our chicken housing areas which gave them knowledge about the benefits of raising chickens on the ground for both the chickens and the environment.  They were taught the proper ways to accomplish this, which was to move the caging systems daily and allow the ground to rest after the chickens have been on it for 24 hours.  They were given a tour of our processing facility which is in construction but has all components on site.  Workshops included the construction of both types of caging systems to demonstrate how to put one together at home.  The smaller caging systems were constructed at the first workshop and the larger caging systems were constructed at the second workshop.  This allowed for the participants to be in a lecture setting part of the time, a tour part of the time, and have a hands on component at each of the workshops.    

Our 2-series of workshops built on one another.  The first workshop was focused on raising chickens.  We discussed general details on raising broilers: what caging systems are available, proper food and water, predators they might encounter, and costs associated with all of these things.  The second workshop went into detail about rules and regulations that HI producers must follow in order to process chickens.  We believed that by building on the information instead of providing all information at the first workshop, people were more likely to retain what they’ve learned at our workshops.  It also allowed repeat attendees to learn something new at each workshop.  

With this project, we produced pamphlets with information for producers about broilers in the state of Hawai‘i specifically.  We included information for both producers and consumers to better understand what chicken production looks like both throughout Hawai‘i and specifically on our ranch.  This allows for our attendees to make the most educated decisions on their purchases whether it be paying extra for organic or grass fed or feeling comfortable paying less for other methods of raising chickens.  Being that all of our farmers who attended are currently consumers themselves and learning or new to the process of producing broilers specifically, this information was very helpful for them.  The importance of the educational aspect is to help folks understand the difference between what true farms and ranches are doing versus what mainstream media would allow people to believe.  We wanted to inspire people to continue to eat meat because it is not only good for their health but these animals are good for the environment when used correctly.  We hoped that our research and workshops would inspire producers to believe that this is something they can accomplish in Hawai‘i.  Between both the pamphlets and the hands-on activities, we believed that it was a great opportunity for both producers and consumers.  We had six producers who submitted applications for caging systems and have gifted four of those producers caging systems.  We had an additional producer who sent us pictures after the workshops were completed who built a modified version of both caging systems at his location.  He was very proud of his new caging system and stated that he was inspired by the workshops.  

Evaluations:

Workshop 1, July 18

Number of attendees and speaker: 14 people

Areas of the island/nation represented: Waialua, Haleiwa, Kunia, Hawai‘i Kai, Mililani, Kahuku, Oregon

Number of attendees planning to raise broilers or currently raising broilers before workshop: 11

Number of attendees planning to raise broilers after workshop: 13

Number of attendees who gained knowledge on cost of production: 13

Number of attendees who gained knowledge on how to raise broilers: 11

Number of attendees who gained knowledge on benefits to environment: 10

 

Producers at Workshop 2, August 8

Number of attendees and speaker: 10 in person and 1 virtually (amount in person limited due to suggested HI guidelines of no more than 10 at a gathering)

Number of repeat attendees from last workshop: 8 individuals

Areas of the island represented: Waialua, Haleiwa, Kunia, Mililani, Kahuku

Number of attendees planning to raise broilers or currently raising broilers before workshop: 11

Number of attendees planning to raise broilers after workshop: 11

Number of attendees who gained knowledge on rules and regulations of custom exempt facilities: 9

Number of attendees who gained knowledge on construction of custom exempt facilities: 9

Number of attendees who gained knowledge on cost of processing such as time spent, proper equipment, proper cleaning agents: 9

 

Number of attendees who applied for chicken coops: 6 attendees

Attendees who received coops after the workshop and why:

Large coop (Hubbell Bubble) 1: Lisa Ann-Kimura, chosen because she currently has broilers and needs additional caging systems to expand her operation, attended both workshops, gave the most detailed application as to why she should be chosen for a caging system, actively working with Julius Ludoviko for next steps and how to start processing birds to sell to the community

Large coop (Hubbell Bubble) 2: Leah Koonce, disabled veteran who wants to see her food from farm to table, is a chef who wants to start raising broilers and open a food truck in the future, years of volunteering at farms and ranches throughout the community, asked to assist with research, assisted with weighing of birds throughout the duration of the research including processing of birds, attended both workshops

Small coop (WARE) 1: Venus Ramos, beginning farmer who currently has broilers and requested caging for expansion, attended both chicken workshops

Small coop (WARE) 2: Makoa Close, chosen because he is in the beginning stages of raising broilers and is actively putting together a business plan to start an operation, at the time of application was signed up for agriculture courses, spent the summer at multiple farms and ranches including volunteer work with Julius Ludoviko learning about broilers

Learning Outcomes

14 Farmers reported changes in knowledge, attitudes, skills and/or awareness as a result of their participation

Project Outcomes

4 Farmers changed or adopted a practice
11 Farmers intend/plan to change their practice(s)
1 Grant received that built upon this project
4 New working collaborations
Project outcomes:

Our project has inspired other farmers and ranchers in the area to consider adding broilers to their operations.  Four of our cage recipients have all stated that they are currently raising broilers or will be raising broilers because of the workshops.  Additional producers have contacted us to ask us more questions and see if we can provide partnerships in the future.  Along with that, we allowed a space for networking which can be difficult during a normal work day on a farm.  The producers who attended the workshops connected via social media and openly traded contact information to work together in the future.  Additionally, many of these folks have asked to visit our ranch in the future and asked to have workshops.  Two producers are also looking into Western SARE and are actively pursuing grant opportunities, which they were not doing previously. 

Success stories:

From a farmer in Waialua, who raised egg layers and is now going to incorporate broilers into his operation: "Really stoked on how my new hen house came out.  The whole build took me about two weeks because supply was low due to COVID.  Anyways, wanted to share with you guys.  Was inspired by the clinic you guys hosted!" 

From a farmer in Kunia "My husband is always telling me to make a chicken house.  And thanks to you I can now make one for myself and not wait for him!  Thank you!  It was a fun workshop!"

From a vegetable farmer in Waialua "Since your first workshop I have convinced my husband that we need chickens!  Thank you guys so much for your work and the workshop!  There are 4 other families that I wanted to experience your ranch too!"

We had feedback from a new farmer from Mililani who is still deciding on a career choice.  He verbally stated that he wanted to go into environmental conservation and is now considering starting a farming operation because of the impact farmers have on the environment.

We had a school teacher attend who teaches agricultural courses to students.  She spent the last year focusing on aquaponics with her students and now plans to build a Hubbell Bubble with her students in the future.  

 

Recommendations:

Future research should definitely include a free range system and rotating broilers with electric netting.  The difficulty with that would be the amount of wild chickens that are found in the state of HI.  They will interact with broilers and try to start fights, try to encourage the broilers to follow them and try to procreate which is a problem.  On our ranch we have seen them do this with our egg laying hens and since then we have started to cage our chickens which is also why we used caging systems for this project in particular.  I do believe that with properly trained LGD's, it is possible to free range chickens.  This will not only protect the broilers from wild chickens but it will also keep them safe from mongoose and wild pigs.  Both predators were very difficult to manage.  The wild pigs had no problem lifting up the caging systems to get into the cages which would then damage the caging systems.  From there if the caging systems were not fixed in time, the mongoose would enter the cages through the damaged wiring and would kill multiple birds at a time. 

A more detailed assessment of the data through statistical analysis would also be beneficial.  We took the average weights of the birds at Week 8 and of the carcass but more details would provide a better overall picture.  A higher "n" would also be important for future research-with 15 birds in each caging type, it was hard to properly measure the data if we had one incidence of a mongoose being that one mongoose can kill so many birds at a time.  More accurate results would be provided with a higher amount of birds in each caging type (we could have maximized the caging at 25 per cage) and additional caging systems.  

Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the U.S. Department of Agriculture or SARE.