A Comprehensive Curriculum for Cold Climate Grapevine Production: Practical Skills for the Novice and Vineyard Manager

Progress report for ONC19-053

Project Type: Partnership
Funds awarded in 2019: $38,390.00
Projected End Date: 03/31/2022
Grant Recipient: University of Minnesota
Region: North Central
State: Minnesota
Project Coordinator:
Dr. Matthew Clark
University of Minnesota
Expand All

Project Information

Summary:
The Minnesota grape and wine industry is expanding and contributes to over $80M in economic activity. Minnesota grape growers have expressed a need for introductory and continuing education for sustainable, viticulture best practices. This project will develop a curriculum that can be offered in-person, online, and then extended to other cold-climate grape growing regions. Sustainable grape production is limited by winter injury, disease, insect pests, and overall limited knowledge of plant growth and canopy management. Obtaining consistent yields and high fruit quality can increase the profitability for growers.  Knowledge gaps in pest management cause inappropriate pesticide applications that impact environmental sustainability.
 
The partnership will focus on collaborating with growers to host workshops for hands-on training and implementation of a targeted curriculum. Using grower fields will allow a curriculum to be "beta-tested" and modified in an applied setting in response to participant feedback and experiences. This will allow the curriculum to be modified and improved with videos, testimonials and images during the development. Furthermore,  participants workshops will be hosted in a way that participants can return throughout the growing season and over two years to see the impacts of field-based decision making. 
Project Objectives:

Develop a curriculum of viticulture training materials that focus on cold hardy grape production: 

  • Introductory content for seasonal workers and novice viticulturists
  • Continuing education for advanced viticulturists
  • Uses "Growing Grapes in Minnesota" as a guide
  • Use outreach workshops to identify knowledge gaps and
  • Beta-test curriculum with attendees
  • Make curriculum available to a regional audience

Improve sustainability of grape production by:

  • Changing behaviors related to canopy management
  • Improving pest management skills 
  • Increasing understanding of the short and long-term consequences of vineyard decision making

 

 

Cooperators

Click linked name(s) to expand
  • Teresa and Isaac Savaryn
  • Lisa Smiley
  • Tami Bredeson

Research

Involves research:
No
Participation Summary

Educational & Outreach Activities

7 Curricula, factsheets or educational tools
14 Webinars / talks / presentations
5 Workshop field days

Participation Summary:

75 Farmers
4 Ag professionals participated
Education/outreach description:

This project has focused on using field days and workshops to teach grape growers on best management practices and to use those workshops for the purpose of developing content for an online curriculum. Because the workshops were successful with each partner, we were asked to expand some offerings to other industry stakeholder field sites including an 2 additional field days outlined below. Furthermore, we offered webinars to reach audiences across the region on timely topics that could be integrated into the online curriculum. We covered many of the topics outlined in our proposed plan of work.

Due to the Covid-19 pandemic we were unable to offer any field days or in person workshops as originally proposed. However, we did establish new partnerships for webinars and offered 4 with the University of Wisconsin-Madison and UW Extension titled "What to do now in the vineyard". Although offered live, the recorded webinars allowed asynchronous participation and will serve as a resource for other future needs including integration in our online curriculum.  These hour-long sessions attracted approximately 75 attendees each and focused on insect pests and disease, herbicides for weed control, and how to plant vines the vineyard. We also partnered with Iowa State University Extension and focused on 4 winemaking webinars. Along with the MGGA we produced a virtual Cold Climate Conference. The 15, 1-hour presentations were recorded and will be integrated into our online curriculum. We reached over 125 attendees at this conference. 

Field Days and Workshops

Grape Pruning workshop (3/23/19) Pruning techniques and Integrated Pest management. Hosted by partner L. Smiley at Chankaska Creek Ranch Winery, Kasota, MN. 63 participants

Managing Young Vines field day (5/30/19). Hosted by partner T. Savavryn at the Winery at Sovereign Estates, Waconia, MN. 17 participants 

Vine canopy management (6/8/19). Hosted by partner L. Smiley at Cannon Valley Vineyard, Cannon Falls, MN. 31 participants.

Pre-Harvest workshop (8/3/19) at Flower Valley Vineyard, Red Wing, MN with support from Minnesota Grape Growers association and repeated 8/19/2019 with partner T. Bredeson, Carlos Creek Winery, Alexandria, MN. 38 participants.

Summer picnic field day (8/18/19) at Northern Hollow Vineyard, Grasston, MN. 16 Participants

Webinars

What to do now in the vineyard webinary series with U. Wisconsin:
-Fungicides and planting vines 

-Bud swell (4/24/20)

-Post bloom (6/17/20)

-Veraison (7/29/20)

With Minnesota Grape Growers Produced the 2021 Cold Climate (Virtual) Conference.

15+ presentations that can be integrated into the online curriculum.

Crop insurance in grapes webinar (10/23/19)

Developing a vineyard spray program webinar (12/10/19) 48 participants

Development a vineyard weed management plan (12/17/19) 62 participants

 

Development of Online Curriculum

The main thrust of this program has been to partner with farmers in determining which topics are important for grape growers of all skill levels, specifically novice/beginning farmers. We have identified 12 key topic areas and have developed educational content: learning objectives, lectures, instructional videos to have a dynamic content that targets different learning styles. 

Due to Covid-19, we were unable to develop much in-person content in 2020. Using social distancing and best practices, we did record some video when allowed. As mentioned above, we captured many expert webinars that will be integrated into the online curriculum. We have already done this for the soil fertility and fertilization module. We have built the course in Canvas, an online classroom management software that is utilized extensively at UMN. Future participants will be able to enroll into this program without being UMN students. We have modified the Canvas home page for ease-of-use for non-traditional students who may not be familiar with Canvas. 

PIs Clark and Klodd participated in the FRAME fungicide workshop for developing strategies for controlling powdery and downy mildew in the midwest.  Will work with Extension pathologists to develop and integrate aspects of this training into the curriculum. 

Lecture Modules in Development in 2020-21

The life of a grapevine

Weed management

Wildlife management

Designing a pest management plan

Dormant pruning

 

Lectures Modules in Development in 2019

Starting a New Vineyard

Managing Young Vines

Disease ID and Management

Insect Pests of Grapes

In-Season Canopy Management

Pre-Harvest Decisions

Vine Nutrition, Nutrient Testing

 

Project Outcomes

Project outcomes:

This project has held several field days, workshops, and webinars to teach farmers (grape growers) about different practices to improve sustainability in their operations. We identified several potential outcomes in our proposal which are briefly described below. In general, we have focused on management practices to improve overall vine health, use integrated pest management approaches, determine proper harvest timing to increase profits, and methods to improve young plant success. In addition to the live educational events, we have been developing an online curriculum for farmers. Sustainability plays a central theme throughout. We are using a learning objectives model to frame each of the modules. For example "students will be able to _______" (use proper cultural practices to prevent vineyard diseases; correctly identify insect pests; access resources such as the Midwest Fruit Pest Management Guide. We have been able to utilize and access additional expertise within the University (Dept. of Entomology; Soil Science) and from the USDA to improve the quality of deliverables. We have also established collaborations with U. Wisconsin for producing more joint webinars that will be integrated into the online curriculum. The PIs participated in a fungicide training workshop (FRAME) which increased their own knowledge and aspects will be integrated into the online curriculum. Fungicide use is one of the major negative attributes of grape production and can be reduced through resistant varieties, cultural practices, and improved pest management plans.

So far, we have reached over 100 farmers and/or winery operators (241 contact points) from across the state. We have focused on three key regions (Cannon Falls in the southeast, Waconia in central, and Alexandria in the northwest) where operations are based. The goal was to reduce workshop participant burden of traveling 3+ hours to attend an event. We had intend to offer additional workshops, but participants have indicated fatigue/burn-out with too many events, especially during the growing season. In 2020 we produced online workshops that were well attended (75+ people per session synchronously or viewed online). These workshops will be integrated into the online curriculum. Although not specifically SARE branded in 2020, we are exploring ways to use this branding in 2021 with our other collaborators.

The key outcome to focus on during this report is that "farmers will be educated on best practices in grapevine management". We provided timely workshops that had appropriate in-season activities to focus on specific practices. We used the in-person workshops to capture photos and video content for use in the online curriculum. One key aspect to improve economic sustainability for grape growers is at planting and the management of young vines. This includes proper irrigation, pest management and care across the season. With our partner, we offered a workshop and visited a two different planting sites: one new planting established on a hill and the second on a bluff. One specific topic at this site that was covered a discussion on the different practices to reduce soil erosion in these two systems. This is in a peri-urban setting with continued urban sprawl, so social, economic, and environmental benefits were also covered due to the proximity to residential homes and a large lake. A second example was a canopy management workshop held in early summer to demonstrate techniques such as leaf pulling. Proper leaf pulling can improve yields, reduce leaf/cluster wetness which lessens disease, and also is a touch-point for growers to be scouting for pests and disease during the critical time. Many of the suggested fungicides are applied in early spring, and canopy management to remove infected canes and fruit that were missed during pruning can managed during leaf pulling. We also discussed shoot positioning (including new methods being tested at Penn State) that are meant to reduce the time in the vineyard while increase profitability. The site for this workshop has move to reduced chemical herbicides, and we were able to demonstrate management practices to reduce weed pressure in an established vineyard.

The main outcome for this project is the development of training curriculum that teaches new skills about sustainable practices. This includes the transfer of research-based best practices that are used by the farmer-partners in this project. We have outlined a 12 module online curriculum and have so far produced 10 modules with lectures that will be made available to our partners for testing this spring (2021). We have also captured photos and video that are being curated and developed into instructional content. The 12 modules include basic plant biology (Life of the Grapevine); Starting a Vineyard; In Season Canopy Managemetn; pest management (Weed Management; Designing a Pest Management Plan; Disease ID and Management); Vine Nutrition: nutrient testing and fertilizer) and several others as mentioned above.

 

 

 

Success stories:

will include in final report; currently we do not have access to our assessment documents due to the COVID19 pandemic.

Recommendations:

Due to the COVID-19 Pandemic we are unable to have future in person workshops for the the spring/summer of 2020. We are hopeful that we will soon have new guidance from UMN and UMN Extension about a path forward. 

 

Update* still many restrictions for in person activities in 2021. Need to determine best path forward with our farmer partners and consider a rebudget.

Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the U.S. Department of Agriculture or SARE.