Visualizing Microbial Agroecology

Progress report for WPDP21-030

Project Type: Professional Development Program
Funds awarded in 2021: $100,000.00
Projected End Date: 08/31/2023
Host Institution Award ID: G365-21-W8617
Grant Recipient: Washington State University
Region: Western
State: Washington
Principal Investigator:
Maren Friesen
Washington State University
Co-Investigators:
Dr. Douglas Finkelnburg
University of Idaho
Dr. Christina Hagerty
Oregon State University
Dr. Clain Jones
Montana State University
Carol McFarland
Washington State University Farmers Network
Dr. Renee Petipas
Washington State University
Marissa Porter
John I Haas Inc
haiying tao
Washington state university
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Project Information

Abstract:

The microbes that drive soil nutrient cycling are a largely invisible part of the landscape that can have large impacts on the sustainability of farming practices. In particular, adopting management practices that enhance the function of the soil microbiome holds great potential for reducing reliance on external inputs and therefore enhancing on-farm prosperity. The recent and ongoing explosion of emergent research knowledge on soil microbiomes and concomitant interest by agricultural producers, presents a substantial challenge and opportunity for agricultural professionals. Understanding microbially-mediated soil processes as well as communicating knowledge about the role of soil microbes in the agroecosystem to producers, is a prime target for professional development. Our project proposes to develop a series of animations, in close consultation with leading scientists, and to deploy these within an innovative outreach format “Liberating Structures,” designed to foster peer-learning, co-innovation, and network building between participants. Liberating Structures have worked well with progressive stakeholders in Eastern WA in co-innovation sessions this spring, and we plan to expand the scope of this to include WA, ID, OR, and MT.

Project Objectives:

The primary objective of this work is to support increased sustainability in the agroecosystem by promoting knowledge of microbial ecology and nutrient cycling processes with the management practices that support them. The sub-objectives of this work are to:

  • Reinforce the regional network of scientists working on soil microbial ecology by forming new professional connections and reinforcing existing ones
  • Make the most current understanding of microbial ecology in the agroecosystem accessible to agricultural professionals both to enhance their knowledge base as well as to give them new communication tools to interact with their contacts
  • Strengthen the network and professional toolkit for agricultural professionals in the inland Pacific Northwest, honoring their existing knowledge and experience by supporting them to co-innovate with their peers on the most effective ways to work with their clients
  • Empower agricultural professionals to catalyze change in the region’s agroecosystem towards improving soil health and sustainability

By empowering ag professionals with increased access to the latest, research-based microbial agroecology content, and an introduction to a new set of participatory outreach tools, this program will support them with knowledge and skills. Based on our survey data, they desire to serve producers’ interest in learning more about beneficial microbes. We will support this need across four states. Connecting professionals to fundamental and emergent content from the field of soil microbiology, will enable knowledge transfer in both directions and the most effective deployment of the content. University Extension can serve as an ideal hub for this work because of access to both researchers and outreach networks.

Timeline:

Principles, assumptions and beliefs:

  • Many producers have a stated desire to steward their lands sustainably and will take incremental steps to do so when it aligns with production goals and profit margins. Agricultural professionals co-innovate with producers toward conservation and production goals.

Resources:

  • Financial/Human:
  • The program coordinator alongside PIs and cooperators, will develop video animation content, event planning/hosting/facilitation, project monitoring, evaluation, reporting, and development of presentations and publications.
  • Financial/Physical:
    • Computer-based technology, sound equipment, programs, delivery platforms, and storage- for animation development and content delivery

Methods:

  • Liberating Structures (LS) are powerful, evidence-based, and easy-to-implement facilitation tools
    • enables participants to truly engage with co-innovation processes
    • outline group size, timing, and prompts to meet a variety of objectives, including “rapidly sifting a group’s most powerful ideas”
  • LS will be used to implement participatory learning events
    • To promote peer-learning, increase depth of understanding from video content, explore innovative ways to promote microbes in the cropping system, and inspire strategies for working with producers to synergistically implement new management practices
  • Program coordinator will develop short animations using specialized software
    • Biorender and/or Blender
    • Cooperators will advise and review animations to ensure accuracy and accessibility.
    • Animations will be dynamically developed with audience feedback over the implementation period (Sept. ’21 – Aug. ’23).
  • Cooperating with networks from well-established Extension programs will enable this program to reach a wide-ranging audience including researchers, Extension specialists, NRCS, conservation districts, and Certified Crop Advisors.
    • Electronic communication will be the primary mode for contact
    • Events will occur online, and in-person as public health policy and travel dictate appropriate within the program timeline
    • WSU Farmers Network website as a communication and content hub

Activities and Timeline:

  • Beginning September 2021, we will organize a regional symposium to showcase the latest research on soil microbial ecology
    • Engage at least 40 researchers and ag professionals
    • Use ‘Ignite’ format
  • Following the symposium a needs assessment for ag professionals will be conducted to determine content needs, preferred delivery platforms, and event timing
    • Program content and delivery will be refined based on participant feedback
  • Animations will be developed continuously throughout the implementation period
    • Continuous participatory events will be held targeted toward ag professionals and focused on a particular animation theme, region, or cropping system
  • By August 2023, we aim to reach over 100 ag professionals online or in person, across Washington, Idaho, Oregon, and Montana.

 

Cooperators

Click linked name(s) to expand/collapse or show everyone's info
  • Pamela Pavek

Education

Educational approach:

We are developing a 'flipped classroom' outreach methodology. At this time the first module of asynchronous content is being developed. We have begun conducting ongoing needs assessment and resource inventory to continue development of a content library. We will launch participatory/discussion and case-study based coursework for ag professionals throughout our partner networks in four states, once enough content is in place to substantiate a module.

Education & Outreach Initiatives

Microbially Mitigated Nitrogen Cycling Courses
Objective:

Use video animation to detail the role of microbes in nitrogen cycling for a group of crop consultants, conservationists, and extension personnel. We will use asynchronous content delivery, and use synchronous course time to discuss relevance and application of the content specific to varying cropping systems within the northwest region.

Description:

We are developing 3D animations of microbial nutrient cycling within the software Blender. Once we have content development in place to launch a module, we will deploy and extensive professional network to recruit participants in the course. The course will be a participatory approach to learning more about the role of microbes in nutrient cycling and how land management choices affect the microbial ecology across different cropping systems.

Our team was delayed initiating this project due to circumstances beyond our control. The new projected timeline is as follows:

Needs assessment and interest resource inventory launched Dec 2 with Oregon State Soil Health meeting and will be ongoing and promoted at various regional soil-health-focused events throughout the project life cycle.

 

Video development initiated in December utilizing 3D animation in the Blender software. Initial content will focus on visualizing the microbial roles within the N cycle, with nitrification serving as the subject of the pilot video. Initial iteration of the first video to be completed by February 15, 2022. The pilot will be distributed to the co-investigator team and other interested collaborators for feedback. A finished video on nitrification will be available by the end of March, 2022. The following three videos will focus on denitrification, symbiotic nitrogen fixation, and nitrogen mineralization. Video drafts of these content areas will be circulating with partners and collaborators by July 2022, for review and feedback.

 

As videos on these key nitrogen-focused processes become finalized, the co-investigator team will begin to establish interested cohorts to participate in the ‘flipped classroom’ participatory education events focused on these videos, and utilizing the Liberating Structures toolkit. Cohorts will focus on content themes and discrete regions/cropping systems. These courses will offer CCA credits and will be ongoing through the life of the project.

 

We will work with co-investigators to determine optimal timing for a virtual regional symposium focusing on researchers sharing their most current soil health activities focused on soil biology. The event will be completed by November 2022.

 

Work with co-investigators, feedback from courses, and the symposium event will feed next steps in animated content generation as we match the resource inventory with the content need described by our partners and ‘clients’. Animated video creation will also be ongoing throughout the life of the project.

 

With the revised timeline, our team will apply for a project extension to conclude activities in December 2023 or January 2024 depending on availability of funds.

 

Outcomes and impacts:

This course has not yet been deployed

Educational & Outreach Activities

1 Webinars / talks / presentations

Project Outcomes

3 New working collaborations
Project outcomes:

Our project was delayed in its launch due to circumstances beyond our control. Activities toward our proposed objectives were initiated in December 2021. Though we are making progress towards our objectives, we have no quantifiable outcomes or impact to report at this time.

Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the U.S. Department of Agriculture or SARE.