Intensive No-Till Vegetable Soil Preparation in Organic Systems

Project Overview

Project Type: Farmer/Rancher
Funds awarded in 2020: $8,005.00
Projected End Date: 12/31/2022
Grant Recipient: Full Circle Farm
Region: North Central
State: Wisconsin
Project Coordinator:
Andrew Adamski
Full Circle Farm

Information Products


  • Vegetables: beets, carrots, greens (leafy), greens (lettuces), radishes (culinary), turnips


  • Crop Production: conservation tillage, no-till, Small Seeded Crop no-till
  • Soil Management: soil analysis, soil quality/health

    Proposal summary:

    Soil health is a key tenet in organic agriculture. Without healthy soils production and ecosystem diversity suffer. Many organic vegetable farming techniques require intensive tillage for initial bed preparation in order for the myriad mechanical weed control techniques to be effective. The downside is obvious, soil health suffers due to intensive plowing and tillage. While steps have been taken to incorporate no-till methods from organic row-cropping systems into vegetable systems, these methods are often only usable in highly competitive crops with wide spacing and relatively low value. Our goal is to utilize a combination of tractor mounted tools (deep shank, and power harrow), which have hand tool analogues (broad fork), to prepare high rotation vegetable beds of higher value crops (lettuce, beets, carrots, and other leafy greens) compared to using a rototiller for bed preparation. 

    Project objectives from proposal:

    Hypothesis 1: There will be a significant difference in total organic matter, soil compaction, and/or meso-fauna diversity between treatments.


    Hypothesis 2: Final levels of total organic matter, soil compaction, and/or meso-fanua diversity will be significantly different than at the start of the experiment.

    Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the U.S. Department of Agriculture or SARE.