- Agronomic: clovers, medics/alfalfa
- Animals: bovine
- Animal Products: meat
- Animal Production: feed/forage, grazing management, rangeland/pasture management
- Soil Management: soil quality/health
Bill Grantham, will work with other livestock producers to determine the rate of growth and forage quality of their pastures. The farmers, who are transitioning to pasture-based operations, have found that data from similar studies in New York is unusable because of the higher temperatures of the Northern Shenandoah Valley.