Individual Confinement Rearing vs. Pasture-Based Group Rearing of Dairy Calves

Project Overview

Project Type: Farmer/Rancher
Funds awarded in 1997: $3,248.00
Projected End Date: 12/31/1999
Matching Non-Federal Funds: $18,040.00
Region: Western
State: California
Principal Investigator:

Annual Reports


  • Animal Products: dairy


  • Animal Production: free-range, feed rations
  • Education and Training: technical assistance
  • Farm Business Management: budgets/cost and returns, agricultural finance
  • Pest Management: weather monitoring
  • Production Systems: agroecosystems, holistic management
  • Sustainable Communities: infrastructure analysis, new business opportunities, partnerships, analysis of personal/family life, sustainability measures
    Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the U.S. Department of Agriculture or SARE.