The Kickapoo River Watershed (KRW) region in SW Wisconsin is experiencing significant loss of livestock integration and thus grass cover. From 1997-2012, the counties in the KRW lost around 18% of their pastureland and a staggering amount of dairy farms, burdening the economic vibrancy and ecological resiliency of this community. Decreased grass cover is associated with increased nutrient loss to waterways, reduced biodiversity, and poor flood control (Atwell et al., 2010). Almost 45% of the KRW’s subwatersheds are in the top 20% of Wisconsin HUC12 watersheds for water quality sensitivity to agricultural BMPs (WBI, 2005). Valley Stewardship Network (VSN) is a KRW non-profit with 19-years experience in water quality research and working lands conservation. VSN partners with farmers to measure impacts of BMP’s; supports watershed councils; and is well prepared to initiate and sustain an on-farm research group, based on the model of Practical Farmers of Iowa.
Project focus is on-farm research/education on benefits of reintegrating forages and native grasses on mid-sized diversified crop and livestock farms in 4 components:
- 1: Transition to Perennial Grass & Water Quality
- 2: Cover Crops for Grazing/Cut Forage
- 3: Bird Friendly Haying and Grazing
- 4: Prairie Filter Strips for Soil/Water Quality & Biodiversity
Project objectives from proposal:
Overall: Create an on-going structure for on-farm stewardship research with motivated farmer leaders in priority subwatersheds.
Component 1: Establish two years of baseline data to assess impact of grain to grass conversion on nutrient and sediment loss.
Component 2: Document economic and environmental case for grazing/baling forage from cover crops using farm data and the USDA Cover Crop Economics Tool.
Component 3: Test and establish verification standards for bird-friendly grazing and hay production, including haying management and nest refuge paddock guidelines.
Component 4: Demonstrate the erosion, infiltration, and biodiversity benefits of prairie filter strips adjacent to row crop fields.