Deep Soil Profile Sampling of Nitrate for Residual Nitrogen Credit in Winter Wheat - Texas Blacklands

Project Overview

OS16-095
Project Type: On-Farm Research
Funds awarded in 2016: $15,000.00
Projected End Date: 03/14/2018
Region: Southern
State: Texas
Principal Investigator:
Dr. Jake Mowrer
Texas A&M Agrilife Extension

Annual Reports

Commodities

  • Agronomic: wheat

Practices

  • Soil Management: general soil management

    Proposal abstract:

    Sampling for NO3-N deep in the profile (6-24") has been shown to be effective at reducing the need for nitrogen fertilizer in cotton, corn, and sorghum in Texas. Where soils are characterized as having substantial clay content, the rate of NO3 leaching is low compared to more well drained soils. Recovery of NO3 by subsequent crops prevents groundwater contamination, provides economic benefit to producers, and reduces the need for nitrogen fertilizer applications. This is the first work to provide data on recover of nitrate in Wheat.

    Project objectives from proposal:

    This project aims to satisfy the On Farm Research Grant Proposal Focus Area #7 through increasing economic and nutrient use sustainability for producers struggling to cope with intensifying climatic uncertainties. By refining existing farming practices to address these needs, we may (through this cooperative effort) improve the sustainability through reduction in 1) expenditure for the struggling producer having failed a crop, and 2) in reducing the wasteful application of chemical fertilizer through judicious evaluation of soil residual available N.

    Through communication of the results at Demonstration Days and Producer meetings, we can increase awareness and adoption of this practice.  In turn, this may lead to a decrease in NO3-N polluting groundwater reserves and an improved stewardship of soil resources.

    Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the U.S. Department of Agriculture or SARE.