Amblyseius swirksii Athias-Henriot for Control of Arthropod Pests in Woody Ornamental Propagation

Project Overview

OS17-101
Project Type: On-Farm Research
Funds awarded in 2017: $14,872.00
Projected End Date: 03/14/2019
Region: Southern
State: Tennessee
Principal Investigator:
Dr. Karla Addesso
Tennessee State University

Information Products

Commodities

  • Additional Plants: ornamentals

Practices

  • Crop Production: biological inoculants
  • Education and Training: extension, on-farm/ranch research
  • Pest Management: biological control

    Abstract:

    Clean product is paramount at the propagation stage of woody ornamental production. Since pest problems in propagation can follow the plants through subsequent stages of production, propagators selling infested stock can easily lose customers who will look elsewhere for high quality material. Therefore, an opening exists to gain more widespread acceptance of biological control management techniques in the woody ornamental nursery industry by targeting propagators. We propose a series of experiments to evaluate the efficacy of Amblyseius swirskii Athias-Henriot for sustainable pest management in greenhouse and outdoor woody ornamental propagation. Amblyseius swirskii is a predatory mite that does well in hot, humid climates found in the southeast (Lee and Gillespie 2011, Hewitt et al. 2015). It is a generalist mite that can feed on thrips, whitefly, spider, eriophyid and broad mites (Calvo et al. 2015). In addition to its broad range of arthropod hosts, A. swirskii can survive and reproduce on pollen resources, which can aid in maintaining populations in plant stock when pest pressure is low (Goleva and Zebitz 2013). It can establish on mock orange, Murraya paniculata (L.) Jack (Juan-Blasco et al. 2012) and citrus (Palevsky et al. 2003), suggesting it may be an effective option in other woody ornamental trees and shrubs. These attributes make A. swirskii a promising biological control agent in woody ornamental nurseries, a production system which can be complicated to manage owing to its diversity of crops and grower resistance to non-traditional pest management approaches. We will compare a biological control program using A. swirskii to our conventional scouting/pesticide rotation. We will evaluate the effectiveness A. swirskii introduction/establishment methods as well as the cost involved for biological control and conventional methods in resources and time. This project will produce data on the efficacy of A. swirskii in woody ornamental propagation and inform future research studies and extension programs to optimize the integration of biological control into container and field nursery production in the southeast. In addition to directly serving the needs of woody ornamental producers the SSARE region, this research has a potential to impact woody ornamental production systems across the United States.

    Project objectives:

    We will evaluate the following uses of A. swirskii in the summer of 2016 and 2017.

    1. Efficacy of A. swirskii on propagated cuttings of Hydrangea cultivars with different leaf trichome densities. The goal of this objective is to determine whether A. swirskii application in propagated cuttings performs equally well on plants with different leaf trichome densities. 
    2.  Comparison of banker plants, predator refuges and supplemental feeding in greenhouse propagation. The goal of this objective is to determine whether the use of banker plants, refuge plants and/or supplemental feeding improves the efficacy of A. swirskii in woody ornamental propagation.
    3. Optimal method for incorporating A. swirskii into outdoor woody propagation beds. This study will look at applications of swirskii directly to propagation beds post rooting.
    4. Pre-treatment of stock plants with A. swirskii. The results of this study will determine whether inoculating stock plants with predators will carry the population over into propagation and through the misting process. It will also determine whether such a method can provide pest control at a lower cost than broadcast applications directly onto the beds.
    Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the U.S. Department of Agriculture or SARE.