Seven Trees, Seven Practices: Demonstrating Agroforestry in the Western Pacific

2016 Annual Report for OW15-031

Project Type: Professional + Producer
Funds awarded in 2015: $47,899.00
Projected End Date: 12/31/2018
Grant Recipient: University of Guam
Region: Western
State: Guam
Principal Investigator:
Dr. L. Robert (Bob) Barber, Jr.
University of Guam Cooperative Extension Service

Seven Trees, Seven Practices: Demonstrating Agroforestry in the Western Pacific


As of the last report, the plan was to start working with the farmer participants in October to establish their micro plots in the latter half of the 2016 rain season.  We held farmer meetings earlier in the year but by the end of the 2015 fiscal year budgetary problems in Government of Guam were impacting UOG.  UOG has not been in a financial crisis of this nature in over a decade.  By the end of the 2015-16 fiscal year UOG had not received approximately 7 million or 25% of the years local budgeted allotment from Government of Guam.  Emergency protocols were put in place with the beginning of the new fiscal year.  These included restrictions on PO’s, initially even federal grants’ POs were caught in these austerity measures.  During this period there was a slowdown on hires as well.  Moving into the 2016-17 fiscal year the monthly allotments from Government of Guam have been less that needed for payroll in effect depleting reserves that it took UOG years to build up.  Only recently in January/February of 2017 have we started to get some of the POs processed that were submitted back in October.  
What this has meant for this grant is we were not able to support the farmers in August to October in entering into subcontracts and setting up micro-plots this past rain season.  With no PO’s, student employees or farmer subcontracts under the grant we were not able to start the farmer field plots this rain season.  So instead what we focus on was utilizing funds that we have with the Research Corporation of UOG (RCUOG) to fully develop an on campus demonstration site (described below) for training during the dry season in preparation for the 2017 rain season.  This site is now well established.  POs able to be processed under the RCUOG as it is a lean organization funded by the grants it manages. To have RCUOG manage a grant it requires that the grant provide some indirect (10% minimum).   Currently the funds under this grant remain untouched, we would like to detail this grant out to RCUOG so that we can complete it free from fiscal issues UOG is facing due to our local fund shortfall.  A separate memo will be submitted to WSARE to allow for movement of 10% of the grant $4,790 from supplies and personnel categories to indirect so that we can have RCUOG manage it, as RCUOG does our WSARE State Plan annual award. We have scheduled workshops under this grant starting March 11th at the demonstration site.   

On the UOG campus at a cliff line site, where feral pigs are a problem, a demonstration micro-plot has been established for training purposes of both program participants and staff.  Fruit trees from the selected seven species have been planted in the micro-plot these include: breadfruit, key lime, soursop,  calamansi, pomegranate, mulberry and fig.  We also planted sweetsop, ice cream tree, avocado, and jackfruit, as well. In the spaces between the young fruit trees, intermediate short term (2-5 year) fruit crops such as bananas and papayas were planted.  Then in between these intermediate fruits, short term crops like lemongrass, edible leaf amaranth, cucumber, eggplants, long bean, and sweet potato have been planted so that all space is filled within the micro plot.  These vegetables will be under crop rotation with other vegetables, leafy greens and herbs until the fruit tree canopy fills the space. This demonstrates how in small plots fruit trees can be established while producing short term crops at the same time so that there is immediate income generated on the plot.  

This demonstration site has been fenced in utilizing t-posts, and galvanized wire fencing for protection from feral pigs. Key conservation practices in place are sheet mulching, mulching, composting, drip irrigation, contour planting, contour trenches, fruit tree windbreaks, living mulch, and nitrogen fixing hedgerows.

Fruit tree propagation for, participant use, is ongoing.  Fruit tree species include; breadfruit, fig, mulberry, jackfruit, soursop, calamansi, key lime, pomegranate,  papaya, and banana.  Other plants are propagated for conservation practices like sweet potato (groundcover/living mulch), morongai, and lemongrass (vegetative barriers).  Once the participants plots are ready short term high value vegetable crops will be propagated these include but are not limited to: eggplant, hot pepper, cucumber, green bunching onions,  long bean and various leafy greens and herbs.

If the budget category changes are allowed we plan to start farmer subcontracts during March and April for site preparation in May and June at the beginning of the rain season.  We will probably request a one year no cost extension at this point.






Objectives/Performance Targets


Given the above project delay, the objectives/ performance targets are changed as followed:

1 a. On the UOG campus, a clifflline site where feral pigs are a problem was identified as the location for a demonstration micro-plot to be established between January to August 2016.  This demonstration will include fencing for protection from feral pigs. 

1 b.  Create and formalize demonstration farm plans with the five producers in the initial cohort and start plant propagation. During Year 1 Quarter 1 (Q1) (July-September 2016), the PI and Project Manager will conduct a second round of site visits to assess and discuss the potential micro-plot site with each producer. The Project Manager will coordinate planning meetings to discuss overall constraints, plant materials, and conservation practices. Each producer will select tree species, agroforestry, and conservation practices. Finally, all producers will convene to discuss the units’ conservation plans and timelines and finalize site plans. The Project Manager and Nursery/Office Assistant will start plant material propagation as soon as project award is announced.

2. Implement agroforestry demonstration micro-plots with five producers in the initial cohort. For Year 1 Q2 (October- December 2016), UOG will distribute plant materials to initial producers. Initial producers will begin tree planting from the seedlings/cuttings  and institute conservation practices. The Project Manager will implement a monitoring process by which all parties can document and learn from successes and challenges of the demonstration plots.

3. Formalize the mentorship relationship between the initial and secondary cohorts. During Year 1 Q3-4 (January – June 2017), the PI and Project Manager will facilitate a mentorship process, coordinating two farm workshops for each quarter targeting the secondary cohort. Initial producers will explain their plot plans, give hands-on practice, and conduct demonstrations.

4. Assist a secondary producer cohort, comprised of three to five farmers or community groups, in the establishment of their own agroforestry micro-plots, leveraging the mentorship and workshop involvement of the primary producers. For Year 2 Q1 (July-September 2016), the secondary cohort will develop micro-plot plans and establish their sites.

5. Develop seven workshops around key agroforestry practices, targeting the general public. The PI already has a curriculum on conservation practices from prior CLTC workshops. The Project Manager will oversee a review process by which initial producers can provide input on revisions; the Project Manager will then finalize it. Additionally, in Year 1 Q3-4 (January-June 2017), the PI, Project Manager, and the initial producer cohort will research, develop, and write, new educational materials about the fast-to-fruit trees. Educational materials will include Power Point presentations, Extension publications, and resource lists. The secondary producer group will provide feedback on the educational materials targeting beginning to intermediate-level farmers.

6. Implement seven workshops around key agroforestry practices. These workshops will occur throughout Year 2 Q1-4 (June 2017-June 2018), with one to two workshops occurring per quarter. The workshop format will include presentations, hands-on practice, and site visits. Participants will be recruited through networks such as the Northern and Southern Soil and Water Conservation District voter rolls, Chamorro Land Trust leaseholder lists, the Cooperative Extension client base, and networks of the secondary producer groups.



Several site assessments were conducted by the PI during the end of 2015 rain season.

Farmer additions were made to the initial cohort. Three farmers chose to retire from active farming and asked to be removed from the program, but prior to leaving they recruited 3 additional farmers (including 1 US military veteran).

Tom Camacho, Linda Reyes, and Angie Mendiola have stepped down and replaced with:

Eugeino S. Aguon   
Jesse R. Cruz            
Mike Ady                   

A meeting was held in December 2015 between the  PI, Cooperative Extension staff, and the new initial cohort to discuss the new program timeline, issues, farmer preferences, and parameters of the grant.  Since this time we have remained in touch with our farmer partners as we have tried to prepare materials and subcontracts.

The plan was to buy the time of an Extension Agent I as program manager at the beginning of the rain season in July 2016.  The group agreed to start the project activities in July of 2016.  This has been delayed to March 2017.

Propagation of both fruit and vegetable seedlings for project initiation is still ongoing.

Established a fenced and promotional signage micro-plot on the UOG campus demonstrating all 7 trees and 7 practices.

Impacts and Contributions/Outcomes

Proposed new timeline developed based on transferring fiscal management to RCUOG. 

The on-campus demonstration site has been used for WSARE New and Veteran Farmer training on sheet mulching, marking contour lines, and establishing vegetative filter strips as well as school tours during October to December 2016.



Jesse Cruz
P.O. Box 453
Hagatna, GU 96932
Office Phone: 6718880603
Angie Mendiola
P. O. Box 8783
Tamuning, GU 96931
Office Phone: 6717772643
Ernie Wustig
PO Box 20876
Barrigada, GU 96921
Office Phone: 6714835699
Tom Camacho
PO Box 420
Hagatna,, GU 96932
Office Phone: 6717970005
Bill McDonald
179 Niyog Road
Agana Heights, GU 96910
Office Phone: 6714880077