My project is a small scale alternative feed system, or growing Fodder. We first found the system we wanted to put together, purchased the equipment in California, and brought it all back to Camp Verde, Az. Assembling the unit was a challenge, but were able to overcome most of the obstacles. Our aim is to grow 9″ fodder on an 8 day growing cycle. Once we get all the kinks out in the growing process we aim to compare the benefits on 2 two sets of black Angus cattle. In my original proposal, we intended to feed two sets of 4 steers. Upon completion of the unit and observing how the steers LOVE eating the fodder, we decided to build a separate pens for housing the steers. By doing this, we can regulate the amount consumed daily by each steer.
In addition to feed regulation, we are limited in space available to house our alternative feed system steers and the traditionally fed group, so we are going to change the number of steers being fed from 2 groups of 4 steers to 2 groups of 2 steers; ensuring that the group being fed primarily fodder are segregated from those being traditionally fed by grass hay and wet brewer’s grain. This will help regulate the amount of fodder being consumed by each steer and aid in overall management of the control group.
We did modify our plan from the original proposal. We intended to build our own system from the ground up, but upon intense research and investigation, met Russ Horton from Fodder Nation. He has been building and designing Fodder systems for the last few years and is light years ahead of all other systems currently on the market; buying the parts and system components from him ended up saving us $3000 dollars!
No need to reinvent the wheel right?
So we traveled to California and bought the exterior box, trays, racks, and control system from him. We then set up the majority of the system here at our ranch in Camp Verde. Trenched power and water to it and have just recently been able to start growing our own Fodder.
It has come to our attention that we will need to separate the control group of 2 steers from those being traditionally fed, so we designed and are in the process of construction a pen that will not only give the steers adequate space for growth and exercise, but will also aid in the regulation of how much fodder is being consumed by the control group.
I decided to conduct more research into other systems, already designed and built. I compared two systems. The first being in Bicknell, Utah built by Glen and the second, in Ramona, California built by Russ Horton.
The unit in Utah was a well built system. The Owner, Glen, uses a consistent temperature of around 68 degrees and uses sprinkler heads to irrigate the trays. He oaks his barley seed for 24 hours prior to seeding the trays to help with germination. His system uses a lot of air flow to combat mold.
The Ramona California Unit was by far my favorite of all systems I have researched on the internet as well as systems we have visited. This unit was so well built and insulated.
The owner, Russ Horton of Fodder Nation, has a genius idea and invented sprouting/growth racks for the first 3 days of germination. There are 30 trays in the racks, which save about 20 square foot of space and these racks require no light.
We ended up purchasing most of our fodder materials from his company. We purchased the exterior box, growth trays, racks and power control panel; assembled everything back at our place in Camp Verde during the months of September, October, November of 2017. Initially we believed we could plug the unit into an outlet on the side of our house but kept flipping breakers. In the end, we ended up trenching from the north side of our home to the south side and designating the unit to its own breaker. We also ran the water line underground due to our winter temperatures dropping below freezing.
One thing about projects like these is there is one constant element: change.
After feeding our few batches of fodder, it came to our attention that we would need to separate the control group of traditionally fed steers from those primarily being fed fodder, so we designed up a plan for pens located at the back of the property. We estimated that the total project will cost us an additional $4000 dollars.
Materials purchased are the 3″ pipe, cut in 8′ sections, concrete, roof trusses, corrugated sheet metal and gates. This figure is low for we plan on performing most of the labor ourselves. I recruited my Father and Father-in-law to help us set all the posts and weld.
In January of 2018 I was able to locate a company which sells feed grade barley seed; that which is able to be sprouted. We had seed delivered, but the shipping process for such a small amount was a challenge. The seed we purchased was around $800 dollars itself and the shipping was an additional $300. The challenge was finding a shipping company headed this direction that could include our order without charging us for use of the whole truck. Patience and 8 weeks delivered our seed; we finally got the seed on March 27th.
Finally, we were back in business!
That is until we needed to change out the lighting and 4 water pumps in the system.
Unfortunately, our water is so hard here in Camp Verde, that those parts weren’t functioning correctly. The LED lighting on the growing racks were dimmed from calcium build up and the water float valves in the germination stations weren’t able to move up and down, so we decided to stop seeding the system and replace each part.
Amazon had all the LED lighting and I was able to purchase each strand for $39 each; we purchased 5 sets.
Home depot was our source for the 4 float valves and each were $10.99.
While were getting ready to move our cattle and take 2 into the processor, I got bucked off my horse. Unfortunately, I broke my collar bone, 6 ribs and the top of my hip. With a lung punctured twice and severe nerve damage to skin covering my right hip, I spent 3 days hospitalized.
Since my release from the hospital, I have spent the last 8 months in physical therapy and doing everything within my power to heal. I am so thankful to be alive and am proud to report that I have made a full recovery!
(Yes, I sold the horse;/)
Finally released to go back to work from my doctor and resumed where I had left off on replacing equipment on the fodder system. Finished the LED lighting, cleaned the entire unit and installed the new float valves.
Now that the temperature is warming up, I plan to seed the fodder unit starting January 20th, 2019.
We ran our first set of trays through the fodder system on an 8 day growing cycle; 5 trays total and they came out perfect. No mold and they were 9 inches tall with a 3 inch root mat and weighed 9-10 pounds each. It was so exciting! The cows went absolutely crazy over it and would almost tackle me to get at the fodder mats in our side by side!
The next two batches did not turn out as well. We grew a bit of mold and the stench of the moldy mats could knock you over. Despite the little bit of mold and stench, the cows still LOVE it.
I cleaned the system thoroughly and adjusted the temperature two degrees to 70 degrees F. No difference and mold still grew rampantly. I changed the temperature again to 68 degrees F and lessened the amount of irrigation in the trays and still no change; lots of mold. Frustrated, I called Russ Horton regarding the mold we are growing. There are usually 2 reasons mold will grow. The first being a dirty outer shell of the seed. Although I soaked the seed for forty minutes prior to seeding the trays, I had noticed a white residue remaining. Russ had mentioned that most seed mills clean their silos by running corn kernels through them. This can leave a residue which can stick to the outside shell on the Barley seed. This is partly why the seed needs to be soaked prior to seeding the trays, but also lowers the germination rate of the barley seed by contamination.
I am researching other seed distributors as I write this. I may have found a distributor in Casa Grande, Az. that will sell it to me at a much cheaper price bulk rate than purchasing it in the bags from Wheatland Mills in Utah. I plan to make the trip the first week in February and once I have the money to purchase the seed.
December-2017 through March 2018
We located a barley seed distributor located in California that is willing to ship us feed grade barley seed, priced as bulk, but under 2 tons worth. we had to wait 8 weeks or more on the shipping, but at $300 for the shipping, it was worth it!
January – 2019
We are moving to growing full time with the fodder machine and will be feeding it to 2 steers that are separated from our control group which is fed traditional feed.
Weekly weights and pictures of overall conditioning of the cattle will follow.
Educational & Outreach Activities
Our Little project has become the talk of the town!
I have given 7 demonstrations to fellow cattle ranchers and horses owners, describing the benefits of our system. How it puts us from feed consumers to producers and the cost savings of using a system like ours, daily. Explained the process of building the unit and its parts/components and why each part is needed and its uses; overall outcome.
Educated on the entire process of Fodder. starting from day 1 through day 8. Showed how easy it is to seed the trays, placement, rotation and the end result; How much the cows LOVE eating it!
Quite a few participants are interested in small units to produce fodder for their horses and cattle. I put them in touch with Russ Horton of Fodder Nation and they are possibly having systems built for themselves.
Learning alternative methods to feed production.
Small scale sustainability
Cost Effective alternative methods versus traditional feed.
It is too soon in my project to determine this.
Not applicable yet.