Pheromones as Tools for Monitoring the Insect Pests in the Northern Plains - Instructive Tools for Agricultural Professionals

Project Overview

Project Type: Professional Development Program
Funds awarded in 2018: $73,510.00
Projected End Date: 03/31/2021
Grant Recipient: Montana State University
Region: Western
State: Montana
Principal Investigator:
Dr. Michael Ivie
Montana State University-Bozeman

Information Products


  • Agronomic: barley, canola, peas (field, cowpeas), wheat


  • Pest Management: biorational pesticides, field monitoring/scouting, integrated pest management, mating disruption

    Proposal abstract:

    Pheromone-based monitoring is an area of sustainable agricultural production in which Northern
    Plains agriculture professionals are in need of additional education and training. Currently,
    agricultural professionals have limited knowledge on the use of pheromone-based monitoring
    methods for the important insect pests in Northern Plains. Therefore, the goal of this project is to
    enhance agriculture professionals’ knowledge and understanding on the role of pheromones in
    monitoring programs, also they can use and share the skills to monitor and expand sustainable
    management options. The better understanding will be generated by illustrating international cases
    and models. This project will be divided into following levels. Level 1 Course Development:
    over the period of 18 months a ‘pheromone-based monitoring methods’ manual will be developed.
    This manual will incorporate several aspects of pheromone-pest monitoring programs including
    theory and practice, pros and cons, and pheromone trapping methods extracted from international,
    national and local information available on this subject. The pheromone trapping data from our
    research on wheat stem sawflies, wheat midges, pea leaf weevils and wheat head armyworms will
    also be added into the manual. Level 2 Instruction: for four months 25 agriculture professionals
    will be trained on pheromone-based educational materials that have been developed at ‘Level 1’
    as the part of this project. The instruction methods will be based on lecture, group discussion,
    demonstration and field visits. Level 3 Field day and Evaluation: Agriculture professional
    apprentices will host a field day for farmers and the general public. Two months after this program
    participants will meet and provide feed-back on the effectiveness of the project and discuss long
    term gains in their knowledge and utilization of this subject. A user friendly chart will be created
    for local crops and their insect pests, on the basis of existing global and local information.

    Project objectives from proposal:

    Objective 1: Course Development: A pheromone-based pest monitoring manual, including global
    examples relevant for Northern Plain’s farming communities will be developed. This manual will
    emphasize several aspects of pheromone-pest monitoring programs such as: theory and practice,
    pros and cons, pheromone trapping methods and the integration of this method with other pest
    management programs.
    - Design the content of manual (October 2018 to November 2018)
    - Collection of data on role of different pheromone traps, lures, height, color, maximum radius
    of attraction and replacement of the lures and placement of traps on the success of pheromonebased
    pest monitoring, selection of pheromone traps on the basis of insect category (December
    2018 to June 2019)
    - Collection of data on how the pheromone-based pest monitoring can be integrated with other
    pest management programs (July to September 2019)
    - Combine all the teaching materials into one manual (October to December 2019)
    - Print training manual (December 2019 to January 2020)
    Currently available material on this subject highlighting examples from other parts of the world
    will also be supplied to the trainees.
    Objective 2: Instruction: Materials developed in phase one of the project will be used during
    instruction in of pheromone-based pest monitoring programs. The instruction methods will be
    based on such as: lecture, small group discussion, demonstration of pheromone trapping materials
    and field visits.
    -Lectures (January to April 2020)
    -Field visits (May to July 2020)
    -Data collection (May to July 2020)
    Objective 3: Field Day and Evaluation: Agriculture professionals will host a field day for growers
    and the general public at the research center. Two months after the field day the agriculture
    professionals will meet and provide feed-back to the PI on the effectiveness of the project and
    evaluate long term gains in their knowledge through the adoption of a pheromone-based pest
    monitoring program.
    -Field day (July 2020)
    -Follow-up farm survey (August 2020)
    -Follow-up review of agricultural professionals (September 2020)

    Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the U.S. Department of Agriculture or SARE.