Effect of Nematode Suppression Using Cover Crops Resistant to Nematodes on Peanut Production

2014 Annual Report for GS14-134

Project Type: Graduate Student
Funds awarded in 2014: $10,429.00
Projected End Date: 12/31/2016
Grant Recipient: University of Florida
Region: Southern
State: Florida
Graduate Student:
Major Professor:
Dr. Patricio Munoz
University of Florida

Effect of Nematode Suppression Using Cover Crops Resistant to Nematodes on Peanut Production


This project studies the effect of using nematode-resistant cover crops (white and red clover, triticale, wheat and rye) to suppress the root-knot nematode populations on peanut production. The study was established at Plant Science Research and Education Unit in North-Central Florida. The whole project includes two experimental fields: one under root-knot nematode infestation, and the control under normal condition (no nematodes). Prior to the beginning of the cover crop establishment one of the two fields was artificially inoculated with nematodes affecting peanut. Roots from peanut under nematode infestation were collected and used for inoculation. Roots were incorporated in October 2014 and cover crops were planted in November 2014. Soil samples were taken after the establishment of cover crops to get an evaluation of initial nematode population, and then every two months, followed the time schedule proposed. In March 2015, the height and percentage coverage of cover crops were visually rated. In April 2015, the weed coverage percentage was evaluated to reflect the competitiveness of different cover crops against weeds. On April 21st 2015, the cover crops will be harvested and samples will be collected to get nutritional and dry matter yield estimation. On the beginning of May, peanut will be established on the same plots as cover crops and before that, the soil samples will be collected and sent to get bioassays on the nematode population. Peanut yield and grade will be evaluated at peanut harvest. In October the whole experiment will repeat by a second year in the same plots to study the long-term effect of the cover plots.

Objectives/Performance Targets


    1. Evaluate the root-knot nematode (RKN) suppression of nematode resistant winter cover crop cultivars in a peanut production rotation system.






    1. Measure the effects of winter RKN resistant cover crops on subsequent peanut yield.






    1. Provide recommendations to farmers about usage of cover crops based on both nematode infestation conditions and weed seed banks.




    1. The field was inoculated with nematode in October 2014






    1. Cover crops were established in November 2014






    1. Soil samples were collected on a two-monthly base






    1. The height and percentage coverage of crops were evaluated in March 2015






    1. The weed percentage in each experimental plots were rated in April 2015


Impacts and Contributions/Outcomes


    1. This research will quantify the nematode population development under the influence of nematode resistant cover crops in field conditions.






    1. This research will elucidate the competitiveness of cover crops against weed from fields with and without nematodes.






    1. This research will benefit the producers by demonstrating the growth of cover crops and their functions in the rotation system






    1. This research is looking for a sustainable alternative to use of nematicides in peanut production.



Lin Xing

[email protected]
Research Assistant
University of Florida
2005 SW 23rd St, Bldg 350
Gainesville, FL 32608
Office Phone: 3523926180