A Sustainable Approach to Reducing Pesticide and Antibiotic Use in Honey Bee Colonies

Project Overview

Project Type: Research and Education
Funds awarded in 2002: $99,600.00
Projected End Date: 12/31/2004
Matching Non-Federal Funds: $69,671.00
Region: North Central
State: Minnesota
Project Coordinator:
Marla Spivak
University of Minnesota

Annual Reports


  • Agronomic: canola, cotton, rapeseed, sunflower, hay
  • Fruits: apples, apricots, avocados, berries (other), cherries, berries (cranberries), citrus, melons
  • Vegetables: beans, beets, broccoli, cabbages, carrots, cauliflower, celery, cucurbits, greens (leafy), lentils, onions, peppers, tomatoes, brussel sprouts
  • Animals: bees


  • Animal Production: parasite control, preventive practices, feed/forage
  • Education and Training: extension, on-farm/ranch research, participatory research
  • Pest Management: field monitoring/scouting, genetic resistance
  • Sustainable Communities: public participation, urban/rural integration, sustainability measures
    Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the U.S. Department of Agriculture or SARE.