Detection and Prevention of Footrot Outbreak in Sheep and Goats

2016 Annual Report for LNC14-363

Project Type: Research and Education
Funds awarded in 2014: $199,000.00
Projected End Date: 11/30/2018
Grant Recipient: Lincoln University
Region: North Central
State: Missouri
Project Coordinator:
Dr. Tumen Wuliji
Lincoln University of Missouri

Detection and Prevention of Footrot Outbreak in Sheep and Goats


Footrot is an extremely contagious disease and there is no effective vaccine available for small ruminants. This program has integrated preventive education, demonstration, and training in an effort to reduce footrot outbreaks among domestic ruminants and wild species. Achieved milestones for the project duration have enhanced small ruminant producers’ skills and knowledge significantly for on-farm detection, prevention, and diagnosis of footrot disease outbreaks.

Objectives/Performance Targets

The main objective is to organize farmers’ and producers’ training workshops for topics of small ruminant animal welfare, foot and hoof care, and demonstrate footrot prevention, treatment, and on-farm biosecurity protocol.


The accomplished milestones have enhanced producers’ skills and knowledge of the applicable new techniques for on-farm detection, diagnosis, and prevention of footrot outbreaks.

  • Footrot prevention, control and management practice. Mr. Jay Wilkins and Dr. Tumen Wuliji conducted hoof trimming, foot bathing, footrot management field demonstration at Crowder College farm (Neosho, Missouri). The mixed flock of sheep and goats (n=120) was recorded for hoof trimming and footbathing observations. The animals were hoof trimmed prior to a weekly footbathing for three weeks during the spring and fall season respectively. Footbath solution was made using Zinc Sulfate (36% purity) at 10% (w/v) in tap water. Ten participant farmers and twenty eight agricultural students (as a class) have regularly participated in either hoof trimming and/or footbathing practices. There was no footrot outbreaks observed in this flock throughout the seasons.
  • Conducted on-farm visitation, field inspection, and footrot diagnostic training. Project directors visited more than twenty producers’ farms and provided training for diagnostic inspection, remotely test samplings, and footrot outbreak monitoring via internet and online communications. Lameness is the typical sign of footrot infection in sheep and goats. For preliminary diagnosis, owners should observe and inspect their animals if they were moving behind the rest of flock, if they were limping, carrying or lifting sore foot, and if they were kneeing and crawling for grazing.
  • Conducted footrot lesion swabs sampling, culturing, and the pathogen identification. Dr. Tumen Wuliji and Dr. Hasibagan inspected and monitored Busby Farm (Lincoln University) sheep flock (n=110) during footrot outbreak seasons. At each occasion, five to ten footrot infection suspected animals were swabbed for foot/hoof lesions or interdigital necrosis for pathogenic culture and identification.
  • Seminar and field day presentation. Dr. Tumen Wuliji has presented two poster displays on the topics of ‘footrot resistant marker assisted selection in sheep’ and ‘footrot prevention in sheep and goats’ for the Lincoln University Field Day at Missouri State Capitol (2016). He also has given an invited seminar presentation on ‘the infectious footrot disease in small ruminants’ at the Institute for Infectious Animal Diseases (IIAD), Texas A&M University, College Station, TX.

Report Insert – SARE NCR 2016-1

Impacts and Contributions/Outcomes

The outcome of the project will directly benefit producers and trainees through their collaboration and hands-on experience in field detection, diagnostics, prevention, and management protocol for their farms.


John Vest
33235 Hwy BB
Lebanon, MO 65536
Office Phone: 4172863959
Danny Shilling

1770 S. Farm Road
Bois D'Ark, MO 65612
Office Phone: 4177322325
Dr. Bruce Shanks
Assistant Professor
Lincoln University
110 SARF 1220 Chestnut Street
Jefferson City, MO 65101
Office Phone: 5756815381
Todd Schubert
1263 Lawrence 2115
Stotts City, MO 65756
Office Phone: 4177371746
Linda Follis
1805 N. Bend Road
Union, MO 63084
Office Phone: 6365833485
Dr. William Fales
Professor & Clinical Microbiologist
University of Missouri
Veterinary Medical Diagnostic Laboratory
1600 East Rollins
Columbia, MO 65211
Office Phone: 5738849259
Dee Messer
21058 McDaniel Road
Warsaw, MO 65355
Office Phone: 6605479951
Kate Lambert
1105 N Main Street
Uptown Farm
Brookfield, MO 64628
Office Phone: 6605410468
Marie Iimas
13177 FR 1195
Jenkins, MO 65605
Office Phone: 4178466835
Tony Francis
17292 Monroe road 735
Paris, MO 65275
Office Phone: 6603274049
Dennis Raben
16833 Beech Road
Diamond, MO 64840
Office Phone: 4173254108
Jay Wilkins

Chair, Dept. Agriculture
Crowder College
601 Laclede Avenue
Neosho, MO 64850
Office Phone: 4174555648
Pam Watson
1682 Hwy Y
Watson Ranch
Bolivar, MO 65613
Office Phone: 4173264606
Larry Englund
Ivy Sheep Company
10620 E Hwy K
Stockton, MO 65785
Office Phone: 4172761136
Glen Cope
2508 FR 1180
Aurora, MO 65605
Office Phone: 4176780800
Wendy Cooley
5475 Audrain Road 133
Anvil C Ranch
Centralia, MO 65240
Office Phone: 5736821661
Wanda Coneby
188 Little Mill Road
Granby, MO 64844
Office Phone: 4177930869
Rose Fox
7328 Pelican Road
Granby, MO 64844
Office Phone: 4173255293
Dr. Jodie Pennington
Region Small Ruminant Educator
Lincoln University
601 Laclede Avenue
Smith Hall, Crowder College
Neosho, MO 64850
Office Phone: 4174559500
Cindy Palmer

4307 Gum Road
Reeds, MO 64859
Office Phone: 4173596940