- Agronomic: corn, oats, safflower, wheat, grass (misc. perennial), hay
- Vegetables: beans
- Animal Production: feed/forage
- Crop Production: conservation tillage
- Education and Training: demonstration, extension, farmer to farmer, on-farm/ranch research, participatory research
- Farm Business Management: budgets/cost and returns, feasibility study, market study, risk management
- Pest Management: biological control, cultural control, field monitoring/scouting, physical control, prevention, weed ecology
- Production Systems: general crop production
- Soil Management: soil analysis, organic matter, soil quality/health
Winter wheat after a 14-month fallow produced the best seed yield in two out of four years, due to earlier planting and more available soil moisture at planting. Soil moisture availability and wheat yield were enhanced by MT and NT management. Wheat-based systems that included a crop each year were less successful due to the dry conditions that prevailed throughout the study period (2000-2004). The Wheat-Corn-Bean rotation showed promise but it was not clear how corn benefited the system. More research is needed to determine the optimum cropping intensity in the unique environment of southwestern Colorado and southeastern Utah.
Project objectives:div style="margin-left:1em;">
a. Determine the effectiveness of alternative soil and crop management systems on crop yield, soil and water conservation, soil fertility, and pest management.
b. Evaluate the costs and returns of these systems in the context of the whole farm enterprise.
a. Increase grower awareness and adaptation of conservation tillage practices.
b. Provide information on alternative crops and how they can be used to enhance the sustainability of dryland cropping systems in the project area.